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Table 2 Components of metabolic syndrome and parental CVDs, diabetes and hypertension

From: Metabolic syndrome and parental history of cardiovascular disease in young adults in urban Ghana

  Parental CVDs Parental diabetes Parental hypertension
  Absent Present p Absent Present p Absent Present p
All participants (n = 364)
 High BP 95 (34.8) 35 (39.1) 0.469 106 (34.8) 23 (38.7) 0.608 101 (34.7) 29 (39.3) 0.485
 Low HDL 81 (29.7) 32 (35.9) 0.286 90 (29.7) 22 (37.1) 0.279 86 (29.6) 28 (37.7) 0.175
 Abdominal obesity 42 (15.2) 23 (25) 0.028 46 (15.2) 16 (25.8) 0.298 44 (15.2) 19 (26.2) 0.033
 IFG 50 (18.1) 17 (18.8) 0.914 55 (18.1) 12 (19.4) 0.727 53 (18.4) 13 (18) 0.887
 Hypertriglycerimia 1 (1.1) 3 (3.6) 0.059 0 (0) 0 (0)   0 (0) 0 (0)  
Males (n = 174)
 High BP 37 (23.4) 5 (31.3) 0.485 41 (27.2) 6 (16.2) 0.915 21 (14.2) 7 (26.9) 0.1
 Low HDL 9 (6) 5 (31.3) 0.001 11 (7.3) 3 (8.1) 0.344 14 (9.5) 2 (7.7) 0.774
 IFG 18 (11.4) 3 (18.8) 0.389 15 (9.9) 2 (5.4) 0.852 11 (7.4) 4 (15.4) 0.183
Females (n = 190)
 High BP 58 (50) 30 (40.5) 0.202 41 (27) 17 (45.9) 0.023 62 (43.7) 22 (45.8) 0.793
 Low HDL 72 (62.1) 28 (37.8) 0.001 27 (17.6) 19 (51.4) <0.001 30 (21.1) 26 (54.2) <0.001
 Abdominal obesity 42 (36.2) 23 (31.1) 0.468 46 (15.2) 16 (25.8) 0.125 53 (18.4) 13 (18) 0.198
 IFG 32 (27.6) 14 (18.9) 0.174 21 (13.7) 10 (27) 0.049 17 (12) 9 (18.8) 0.238
  1. Data were analyzed as Pearson’s χ2 with Fisher adjustment or Yate’s corrections when appropriate
  2. BP blood pressure, HDL low density lipoprotein cholesterol, IFG impaired fasting glucose
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