Skip to main content

Table 3 Proportions (%) of minersa in employment by 5-year period and demographic and occupational characteristics, 1973–2012

From: Public health implications of changing patterns of recruitment into the South African mining industry, 1973–2012: a database analysis

  1973–1977 1978–1982 1983–1987 1988–1992 1993–1997 1998–2002 2003–2007 2008–2012
Total 173,260 292,772 840,736 873,531 783,842 500,252 524,646 569,813
Country of origin
 South Africa 46.34 57.29 66 67.99 67.55 58.22 67.95 75.45
 Other SADC 53.66 42.71 34 32.01 32.45 41.78 32.05 24.52
Racial ascription
 Black 96.85 95.83 97.17 93.65 91.01 90.5 91.04 90.72
 White 3.09 4.11 2.77 6.22 8.8 9.14 8.44 8.58
 Other categories 0.05 0.07 0.04 0.13 0.18 0.36 0.53 0.61
Gender
 Male 99.82 99.67 99.69 99.03 98.36 98.31 96.33 93.49
 Female 0.18 0.33 0.31 0.97 1.64 1.69 3.67 6.51
Commodityb
 Gold 91.65 90.22 86.24 80.95 78.27 74.27 60.4 52.51
 Platinum 6.45 7.75 11.2 11.47 11.42 14.61 25.28 32.32
 Coal 0.77 0.92 1.04 4.22 4.23 3.07 2.96 2.37
 Other 0.80 0.71 0.76 1.59 2.51 2.24 2.87 3.70
 Unknown 0.33 0.39 0.77 1.77 3.57 5.8 8.5 9.11
Occupational risk categoryb
 Surface non-risk 8.31 9.76 16.99 10.59 9.09 12.89 11.45 9.02
 Surface risk 0 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.06 0.29 2.15 8.6
 Underground 91.69 90.23 82.99 89.39 90.85 86.82 86.4 82.38
Employment status
 Mine employee only 91.86 91.36 91.91 88.5 80.89 64.2 49.96 42.68
 Ever contractor 8.14 8.64 8.09 11.5 19.11 35.8 50.04 57.32
  1. aAn individual miner cannot be counted more than once in a given period, but may be counted in more than one period
  2. bCategory where the longest service was accumulated over a full career if miner worked in more than one category
\