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Table 3 Association of selected factors with the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of HC (≥6.2 mmol/l) in in Astana region, Kazakhstan, OR (95% CI)

From: Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemia in older persons in urban and rural population in the Astana region, Kazakhstan

  Prevalencea
OR (95% CI)
Prevalenceb
OR (95% CI)
Awarenessa,c
OR (95% CI)
Treatmenta,c
OR (95% CI)
Controlac
OR (95% CI)
Sex
 Males 1 1 1 1 1
 Females 1.98 (1.50–2.60) 2.54 (1.63–3.96) 1.75 (1.11–2.74) 1.60 (1.00–2.55) 0.78 (0.47–1.31)
Age groups (years)
 50-54 1 1 1 1 1
 55-59 1.55 (1.06–2.26) 1.63 (1.07–2.49) 1.32 (0.72–2.43) 1.48 (0.79–2.77) 0.98 (0.47–2.04)
 60-64 1.44 (0.97–2.14) 1.28 (0.83–1.99) 1.20 (0.64–2.28) 1.55 (0.81–2.98) 1.25 (0.59–2.65)
 65-69 1.32 (0.86–2.05) 1.20 (0.74–1.95) 1.45 (0.71–2.95) 1.29 (0.62–2.65) 1.47 (0.66–3.28)
 70-75 1.44 (0.93–2.24) 1.01 (0.61–1.70) 1.16 (0.57–2.35) 1.24 (0.60–2.56) 1.23 (0.54–2.82)
Urban/Rural
 Astana (urban) 1 1 1 1 1
 Akmol (rural) 0.34 (0.26–0.45) 0.37 (0.26–0.51) 0.27 (0.17–0.43) 0.53 (0.33–0.85) 0.59 (0.34–1.03)
BMI (kg/m2)
 18.5-24.9 1 1 1 1 1
 25-29.9 1.48 (0.98–2.24) 1.00 (0.62–1.61) 1.02 (0.51–2.06) 0.62 (0.31–1.27) 0.94 (0.41–2.14)
  ≥ 30 1.77 (1.18–2.66) 1.12 (0.68–1.82) 1.68 (0.85–3.31) 0.91 (0.46–1.79) 1.08 (0.49–2.40)
WHR, obesity
 No 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 2.12 (1.53–2.92) 1.55 (1.06–2.27) 1.30 (0.76–2.22) 1.27 (0.73–2.19) 0.69 (0.37–1.27)
Diabetes
 No 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 1.71 (1.15–2.54) 1.25 (0.81–1.94) 2.29 (1.22–4.27) 1.83 (1.02–3.26) 2.00 (1.08–3.72)
Smoking
 Current Smoker 1 1 1 1 1
 Ex-smoker 1.05 (0.65–1.69) 0.98 (0.58–1.65) 2.28 (1.02–5.11) 1.70 (0.74–3.90) 1.01 (0.40–2.53)
 Non-smoker 0.74 (0.46–1.17) 0.83 (0.50–1.39) 1.25 (0.60–2.63) 1.10 (0.51–2.37) 1.29 (0.54–3.07)
Hypertension
 No 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 1.44 (1.05–1.97) 1.50 (1.05–2.13) 1.28 (0.77–2.15) 1.35 (0.79–2.29) 1.52 (0.80–2.91)
Marital status
 Unmarried 1 1 1 1 1
 Married 0.89 (0.64–1.22) 0.85 (0.59–1.24) 0.98 (0.59–1.63) 1.07 (0.65–1.77) 1.82 (0.97–3.39)
Education
 Primary 1 1 1 1 1
 Vocational 0.81 (0.58–1.12) 0.97 (0.67–1.39) 0.92 (0.54–1.56) 1.13 (0.66–1.95) 1.14 (0.62–2.12)
 Higher 1.37 (0.98–1.90) 1.06 (0.73–1.53) 1.95 (1.15–3.33) 1.65 (0.98–2.78) 1.10 (0.60–2.00)
Ethnicity
 Kazakh 1 1 1 1 1
 Russian 1.39 (1.01–1.90) 1.33 (0.93–1.90) 0.80 (0.49–1.32) 1.05 (0.64–1.73) 0.95 (0.54–1.68)
 Other 1.44 (0.99–2.11) 1.36 (0.90–2.07) 0.76 (0.42–1.37) 1.09 (0.60–1.98) 0.72 (0.35–1.50)
Car ownership
 No 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 1.22 (0.92-1.62) 1.06 (0.77-1.46) 1.25 (0.79-1.98) 0.87 (0.55-1.37) 0.84 (0.49-1.44)
Deprivation
 High level 1 1 1 1 1
 Intermediate 1.35 (0.94–1.94) 1.68 (1.12–2.52) 1.20 (0.67–2.14) 1.36 (0.75–2.44) 1.97 (0.95–4.11)
 Low level 1.50 (1.07–2.11) 1.73 (1.18–2.54) 1.20 (0.69–2.07) 1.14 (0.65–1.99) 1.80 (0.89–3.63)
  1. aage and sex adjusted, bfully adjusted for all variables in the table; cAmong those with hypercholesterolemia