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Table 1 Characteristics of participants [\( \overset{-}{x}\pm s \)/n (%)]

From: Exploring status and determinants of prenatal and postnatal visits in western China: in the background of the new health system reform

  n Urban Rural
Before reform After reform Before reform After reform
Age (years)
  28.67 ± 5.48 28.37 ± 4.24 28.60 ± 5.19 28.59 ± 5.69 28.82 ± 5.81
  ≤ 25 751 57(25.56) 195(27.46) 149(34.10) 350(34.05)
 26–30 878 107(47.98) 302(42.54) 137(31.35) 332(32.30)
  ≥ 31 769 59(26.46) 213(30.00) 151(34.55) 346(33.65)
Education
  ≤ Primary school 451 8(3.59) 78(11.02) 133(30.57) 232(22.59)
 Middle school 1318 84(37.67) 371(52.40) 243(55.86) 620(60.37)
  ≥ High school 624 131(58.74) 259(36.58) 59(13.56) 175(17.04)
Employment
 No 532 95(43.38) 218(30.79) 372(85.32) 872(84.91)
 Yes 1858 124(56.62) 490(69.21) 64(14.68) 155(15.09)
Annual Household income (Ren Min Bi)
  22,402 ± 18,828 16,718 ± 9723 32,841 ± 24,662 9985 ± 7107 21,675 ± 14,717
 Poorest 479 99(44.80) 87(12.27) 224(51.49) 69(6.71)
 Poorer 479 54(24.43) 132(18.62) 108(24.83) 185(18.00)
 Media 478 40(18.10) 146(20.59) 58(13.33) 234(22.76)
 Richer 479 22(9.95) 164(23.13) 22(5.06) 271(26.36)
 Richest 478 6(2.71) 180(25.39) 23(5.29) 269(26.17)
Delivery institution
 Secondary and above 1948 144(64.57) 661(93.10) 201(46.00) 942(91.63)
  ≤ Primary institution 450 79(35.43) 49(6.90) 236(54.00) 86(8.37)
Delivery way
 Vaginal 1673 156(98.73) 434(61.47) 329(95.64) 754(73.42)
 Caesarean 562 2(1.27) 272(38.53) 15(4.36) 273(26.58)
Parity
  ≤ 1 1381 193(86.94) 433(60.99) 258(59.58) 497(48.44)
  ≥ 2 1010 29(13.06) 277(39.01) 175(40.42) 529(51.56)
Weight of newborn
 Low birthweight 100 2(0.90) 32(4.51) 9(2.06) 57(5.54)
 Normal birthweight 2298 221(99.10) 678(95.49) 428(97.94) 971(94.46)