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Table 3 Smoking status among Estonian male and female physicians by age group and study year (n, %, 95% CI), 1982–2014

From: Trends in smoking behaviour among Estonian physicians in 1982–2014

Smoking status Age groups
−34 35–44 45–54 55–64 65+ Total
1982
Men
  n = 232 n = 227 n = 251 n = 140 n = 49 n = 899
 Daily 53.4 (46.8–60.0) 44.9 (38.3–51.7) 33.1 (27.3–39.3) 32.1 (24.5–40.6) 6.1 (1.3–16.9) 39.7 (36.5–43.0)
 Occasional 1.7 (0.5–4.4) 2.2 (0.7–5.1) 1.6 (0.4–4.0) 2.1 (0.4–6.1) 0.0 (0.0–7.3)a 1.8 (1.0–2.9)
 Past 13.4 (9.3–18.4) 17.6 (12.9–23.2) 30.3 (24.7–36.4) 35.7 (27.8–44.2) 40.8 (27.0–55.8) 24.1 (21.4–27.1)
 Never 31.5 (25.5–37.9) 35.2 (29.0–41.8) 35.1 (29.2–41.3) 30.0 (22.6–38.3) 53.1 (38.3–67.5) 34.4 (31.3–37.6)
Women
  n = 737 n = 970 n = 796 n = 337 n = 47 n = 2887
 Daily 13.8 (11.4–16.5) 17.0 (14.7–19.5) 10.4 (8.4–12.8) 9.2 (6.3–12.8) 2.1 (0.1–11.3) 13.2 (12.0–14.5)
 Occasional 2.8 (1.8–4.3) 2.5 (1.6–3.7) 1.3 (0.6–2.3) 0.3 (0.0–1.6) 0.0 (0.0–7.5)a 1.9 (1.5–2.5)
 Past 11.4 (9.2–13.9) 9.6 (7.8–11.6) 7.4 (5.7–9.5) 8.9 (6.1–12.5) 19.1 (9.1–33.3) 9.5 (8.5–10.7)
 Never 71.9 (68.5–75.1) 70.9 (68.0–73.8) 80.9 (78.0–83.6) 81.6 (77.0–85.6) 78.7 (64.3–89.3) 75.3 (73.7–76.9)
2002
Men
  n = 62 n = 150 n = 125 n = 80 n = 54 n = 471
 Daily 17.7 (9.2–29.5) 17.3 (11.6–24.4) 20.8 (14.1–29.0) 17.5 (9.9–27.6) 11.1 (4.2–22.6) 17.6 (14.3–21.4)
 Occasional 12.9 (5.7–23.9) 6.7 (3.2–11.9) 7.2 (3.3–13.2) 6.3 (2.1–14.0) 1.9 (0.0–9.9) 7.0 (4.9–9.7)
 Past 19.4 (10.4–31.4) 33.3 (25.9–41.5) 33.6 (25.4–42.6) 33.8 (23.6–45.2) 40.7 (27.6–55.0) 32.5 (28.3–36.9)
 Never 50.0 (37.0–63.0) 42.7 (34.6–51.0) 38.4 (29.8–47.5) 42.5 (31.5–54.1) 46.3 (32.6–60.4) 42.9 (38.4–47.5)
Women
  n = 305 n = 657 n = 644 n = 516 n = 142 n = 2264
 Daily 5.2 (3.0–8.4) 7.2 (5.3–9.4) 6.5 (4.7–8.7) 5.8 (4.0–8.2) 2.8 (0.8–7.1) 6.1 (5.2–7.2)
 Occasional 4.3 (2.3–7.2) 5.2 (3.6–7.2) 4.2 (2.8–6.0) 3.1 (1.8–5.0) 1.4 (0.2–5.0) 4.1 (3.3–5.0)
 Past 12.5 (9.0–16.7) 16.0 (13.3–19.0) 18.3 (15.4–21.5) 18.2 (15.0–21.8) 10.6 (6.0–16.8) 16.3 (14.8–17.9)
 Never 78.0 (73.0–82.6) 71.7 (68.1–75.1) 71.0 (67.3–74.4) 72.9 (68.8–76.7) 85.2 (78.3–90.6) 73.5 (71.6–75.3)
2014
Men
  n = 72 n = 84 n = 127 n = 126 n = 123 n = 532
 Daily 13.9 (6.9–24.1) 4.8 (1.3–11.7) 14.2 (8.6–21.5) 15.1 (9.3–22.5) 10.6 (5.7–17.4) 12.0 (9.4–15.1)
 Occasional 2.8 (0.3–9.7) 3.6 (0.7–10.1) 3.1 (0.9–7.9) 4.8 (1.8–10.1) 0 (0–3.0)a 2.8 (1.6–4.6)
 Past 4.2 (0.9–11.7) 23.8 (15.2–34.3) 40.2 (31.6–49.2) 38.9 (30.3–48.0) 39.8 (31.1–49.1) 32.3 (28.4–36.5)
 Never 79.2 (68.0–87.8) 67.9 (56.8–77.6) 42.5 (33.8–51.6) 41.3 (32.6–50.4) 49.6 (40.5–58.8) 52.8 (48.5–57.1)
 Women
  n = 395 n = 353 n = 606 n = 575 n = 441 n = 2370
 Daily 1.8 (0.7–3.6) 3.4 (1.8–5.9) 5.1 (3.5–7.2) 8.0 (5.9–10.5) 5.4 (3.5–8.0) 5.1 (4.2–6.0)
 Occasional 1.0 (0.3–2.6) 1.7 (0.6–3.7) 2.0 (1.0–3.4) 0.9 (0.3–2.0) 0.9 (0.2–2.3) 1.3 (0.9–1.9)
 Past 11.6 (8.7–15.2) 10.8 (7.8–14.5) 19.5 (16.4–22.9) 26.3 (22.7–30.1) 22.4 (18.6–26.6) 19.1 (17.5–20.7)
 Never 85.6 (81.7–88.9) 84.1 (79.8–87.8) 73.4 (69.7–76.9) 64.9 (60.8–68.8) 71.2 (66.7–75.4) 74.6 (72.8–76.3)
  1. aone-sided 97.5% confidence interval