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Table 3 Univariable and multivariable associations with RTWa

From: Predictors of return to work among patients in treatment for common mental disorders: a pre-post study

  Univariable associations Multivariable associations in the final model
  OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p
Patient characteristics at baseline   Lower Higher    Lower Higher  
 Sex (women) 0.66 0.30 1.44 0.297     
 Age, yr. (older) 0.99 0.95 1.02 0.402     
 Marital status (living with partner) 1.16 0.59 2.28 0.673     
 Education (≥13 yr) 1.19 0.58 2.46 0.629     
 History of psychiatric treatment (yes) 0.48 0.24 0.96 0.038c 0.36 0.15 0.86 0.021
Mental health at baseline
 Diagnosis of depression 0.80 0.38 1.70 0.566     
 Diagnosis of anxiety 1.31 0.53 3.26 0.560     
 Diagnosis of adjustment disorder 1.04 0.44 2.45 0.931     
 Higher CORE-OM total 0.92 0.86 0.99 0.018c     
 Higher CORE-OM Depression 0.97 0.93 1.01 0.106     
 Higher CORE-OM Anxiety 1.02 0.98 1.06 0.313     
 Higher work ability 1.24 1.08 1.42 0.002c 1.21 1.03 1.43 0.021
 Higher generalized self-efficacy 2.29 1.17 4.50 0.016c     
 Positive expectancy of future work ability (yes) 4.60 2.00 10.57 <0.001c 4.50 1.64 12.34 0.003
 Aspects of work situation causing present problem (yes) 0.75 0.37 1.51 0.416     
Treatment variables
 Individual therapy 0.68 0.33 1.43 0.314     
 Group intervention 1.83 0.58 5.75 0.303     
 Combined intervention 1.15 0.49 2.69 0.751     
 More sessions 0.98 0.96 1.01 0.155     
 Longer time on waiting list 1.00 0.99 1.01 0.563     
 Greater focus on RTW 1.17 0.98 1.38 0.081c 1.23 1.02 1.49 0.034
 Empathic therapistb 0.75 0.32 1.74 0.503     
 Transference focusb 0.77 0.44 1.35 0.359     
 Practical adviceb 0.93 0.46 1.87 0.832     
 Cognitive behavioural therapyb 1.85 1.09 3.14 0.022c     
 Care and supportb 0.85 0.47 1.55 0.593     
 Psychodynamic approachb 0.85 0.48 1.52 0.594     
 Medical approachb 0.71 0.30 1.68 0.434     
 Therapist frustratedb 1.03 0.50 2.12 0.937     
  1. Logistic regression analyses. The dependent variable was RTW; an odds ratio (OR) for RTW of >1 indicates a higher probability of successful RTW
  2. aN varies between 128 and 164 due to missing cases
  3. bHigher score
  4. cThese variables were included in a backwards stepwise multivariable logistic regression analysis resulting in the final model for predicting RTW