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Table 3 Unadjusted associations between household HFIAS score tobacco use and socio-demographic factors by bivariate 14 analyses

From: Association of adult tobacco use with household food access insecurity: results from Nepal demographic and health survey, 2011

  HFIAS score (mean and SD) test value p-value
Men’s age O.22 0.894
 15-25 3.36 (4.45)   
 26-35 3.64 (4.80)   
 36-49 3.43 (4.65)   
Women’s age 4.86 0.088
 15-25 3.41 (4.55)   
 26-35 3.37 (4.55)   
 36-49 4.02 (5.03)   
Men’s tobacco use 39.18 <0.001
 None 2.79 (4.08)   
 Either smoking or SLT use 3.82 (4.82)   
 Dual user 4.96 (5.32)   
Women’s tobacco use 0.773 0.679
 None 3.42 (4.56)   
 Either smoking or SLT use 3.68 (4.84)   
 Dual user 3.33 (4.58)   
Women’s educational level 2.75 0.428
 No education 3.35 (4.55)   
 Primary 3.51 (4.67)   
 secondary 3.55 (4.59)   
 Higher 3.79 (4.94)   
Men’s educational level 556.0 <0.001
 No education 6.44 (5.55)   
 Primary 5.20 (4.97)   
 secondary 2.83 (4.10)   
 Higher 1.13 (2.69)   
Men’s occupation 198.0 <0.001
 Unemployed 2.18 (3.77)   
 Professional/service/business 1.92 (3.75)   
 Agriculturist 4.36 (4.75)   
 Manual workers 3.62 (4.75)   
Number of household membersa   0.121 <0.001
Sex of the household head
 Male 3.50 (4.66) 0.803 0.337
 Female 3.13 (4.15)   
Household’s Wealth Index 1046.5 <0.001
 Poorest 7.16 (5.1)   
 Poorer 5.02 (4.64)   
 Middle 3.43 (4.29)   
 Richer 2.48 (4.07)   
 Richest 0.94 (2.48)   
Urban/rural area 11.8 <0.001
 Rural 2.41 (4.18)   
 Urban 3.97 (4.71)   
Development region 184.0 <0.001
 Eastern 2.48 (3.92)   
 Central 3.11 (4.56)   
 Western 3.10 (4.42)   
 Mid-western 5.17 (5.19)   
 Far-western 3.81 (4.47)   
Ecological zone 28.17 <0.001
 Mountainous 3.77 (4.53)   
 Hilly region 3.61 (4.48)   
 Tear (Plains) 3.22 (4.71)   
  1. aSpearman’s rank correlation test was used, numbers in bold indicate significant associations