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Table 4 Factors associated with test positivity for malaria

From: Prevalence and associated risk factors of malaria among adults in East Shewa Zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

  Test positivity
Variables Negative Positive Crude OR (95% CI) Adj. OR (95% CI)
Health center
 Modjo 139 30 1 1
 Meki 105 70 3.1 (1.9, 5.1) 4.1 (2.4,7.1) **
 Batu 137 43 1.5 (0.9, 2.5) 1.7 (0.9, 2.9)
 Bulbula 128 19 0.7 (0.4, 1.3) 0.6 (0.3, 1.2)
 Shashemene 97 42 2.0 (1.2, 3.4) 2.6 (1.5, 4.5)*
Residence
 Rural 238 96 1.4 (0.9, 1.9) 1.7 (1.1, 2.6)*
 Urban 368 108 1 1
Sex
 Female 302 95 0.9 (0.6, 1.2) 0.8 (0.6, 1.1)
 Male 304 109 1 1
Age
 15–24 220 93 6.0 (1.9, 15.6) 6.7(2.3, 19.5)*
 25–34 224 75 4.4 (1.5, 12.4) 4.2(1.4, 12.4)*
 35–44 110 32 3.8 (1.3, 11.3) 3.nn(1.2, 11.4)*
  > 45 52 4 1 1
Type of roof
 Thatched 127 56 1.4 (0.9, 2.1) 1.5 (0.9, 2.3)
 Corrugated iron 479 148 1 1
Household ownership of ITNs
 No 298 105 1.1 (0.8, 1.5) 0.9 (0.6, 1.3)
 Yes 308 99 1 1
Sought treatment before visiting the health center
 Yes 57 18 0.9 (0.5, 1.6) 0.6 (0.4, 1.2)
 No 549 186 1 1
Number of days after illness onset
  ≤ 2 days 269 84 0.9 (0.6, 1.2) 1.3 (0.9, 1.9)
  > 2 days 337 120 1 1
  1. *Significance level of <0.05, **Significance level of <0.001