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Table 2 Identified mechanisms of action recommended in health policy papers

From: National policies for the promotion of physical activity and healthy nutrition in the workplace context: a behaviour change wheel guided content analysis of policy papers in Finland

Mechanisms of action
COM-B N (%) TDF N (%) Example
Psychological capability 34 (22) Knowledge 27 (14) Employees are given written instructions, handouts, and material for health promotion.
Skills 12 (6) A customer needs to be guided in putting together a recommended meal.
MAD 7 (4) Healthy choices are positioned so that they are easy to select from the service line.
BR 6 (3) Recognize your habits by measuring your activity and steps.
Physical capability 2 (1) Skills 2 (1) The OHC professional makes sure that an employee has the knowledge and skills needed for health and safety at work and for the promotion of work ability.
Physical opportunity 47 (31) Env. 48 (25) Local actors enhance opportunities for varying working postures by activating furniture and equipment.
Social opportunity 37 (24) Social Influences 38 (20) Influencing personal health-related attitudes, lifestyles, and risk behaviour by discussion.
Reflective motivation 24 (16) S/P id 1 (1) Seminar organizer may encourage the audience into a standing ovation - you can be the Trendsetter too!
B Cap 6 (3) Monitoring and evaluation of employee lifestyle choices.
Optimism 1 (1) Positive aspects and even small advances are always identified first.
B Con 17 (9) Physically active lifestyle and healthy nutrition are highlighted as a part of health and well-being.
Intentions 8 (4) Needs for change are identified as part of lifestyle counselling.
Goals 4 (2) Define the goals of physical activity.
Automatic motivation 10 (6) S/P id 1 (1) Public sector employees also need to lead by example in the promotion of walking and cycling.
Optimism 0 (0) -
Reinforcement 9 (5) Food must also be tasty and served in an appealing manner.
Emotion 2 (1) The physically inactive are enabled to experience physical activity as a source of pleasure.
Total 154 (100%) Total 189 (100%)
  1. Numbers are frequencies. Numbers in parentheses are percentages. TDF domain abbreviations: MAD memory, attention, and decision processes; BR behavioural regulation; Env. environmental context and resources; S/P id social/professional role and identity; B Cap beliefs about capability; B Con beliefs about consequences