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Table 4 Contextual associations with cause-specific mortality by sex and age

From: Associations of cause-specific mortality with area level deprivation and travel time to health care in France from 1990 to 2007, a multilevel analysis

Causes of Deaths All ages < 65 years > = 65 years
Time to HC Deprivation Time to HC Deprivation Time to HC Deprivation
Men
 All causes 0.93*** 1.10*** 0.91*** 1.09** 0.95*** 1.10***
 Cerebrovascular diseases 0.97 1.11* 0.88 1.26 0.99 1.08
 Ischemic Heart Disease 0.94* 1.13** 0.89* 1.18* 0.96 1.11*
 Cancers 0.91*** 1.10*** 0.88*** 1.14*** 0.94*** 1.08**
 Amenable Diseases 0.94** 1.12*** 0.91* 1.15** 0.95** 1.12***
 Preventable Diseases 0.91*** 1.14*** 0.88*** 1.15*** 0.93*** 1.13***
Women
 All causes 0.94*** 1.11*** 0.92** 1.09* 0.94*** 1.11***
 Cerebrovascular diseases 1.00 1.10* 1.08 0.98 0.99 1.11*
 Ischemic Heart Disease 0.98 1.18*** 1.00 1.52* 1.00 1.17**
 Cancers 0.94*** 1.02 0.89** 1.05 0.96* 1.01
 Amenable Diseases 0.96** 1.11*** 0.95 1.16** 0.96** 1.11***
 Preventable Diseases 0.93** 1.09** 0.84*** 1.05 0.95* 1.09*
  1. All the outcomes result from models fully adjusted on individual education, age and sex. They are expressed as the log-linear effect between the fifth (Q5) and first quintile (Q1) means difference of each area-based measure
  2. Time to HC: travel time to Health Care structures
  3. *p-value <0.050, ** p-value <0.010*** p-value <0.001
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