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Table 2 Multivariate linear regression of other-oriented volunteering on the health outcomes of mental and physical health, life satisfaction, social well-being, and depression

From: Volunteering and health benefits in general adults: cumulative effects and forms

Predictors   Mental health Physical health Life satisfaction Social well-being Depression
β t β t β t β t β t
1. Other-oriented volunteering .082** 3.043 .087** 3.046 .071** 4.225 .106** 5.057 −.044* −2.472
2. Female −.043 −1.668 −.003 −.123 −.003 −.166 .042* 2.088 .023 1.340
3. Age −.064* −2.181 −.188** −6.068 .059** 3.223 −.052* −2.281 −.076** −3.912
  Race/Ethnicity           
4. Black −.024 −.929 −.042 −1.538 −.030+ −.1839 −.041* −2.038 .023 1.326
5. Hispanic −.092 −3.132 −.116** −3.708 −.036* −1.975 −.081** −3.525 .021 1.100
6. Other −.016 −.621 −.048 −1.786 −.004 −.223 .001 .053 .020 1.178
7. Education .139** 4.959 .119** 4.003 .059** 3.361 .105** 4.781 −.096** −5.150
8. US citizen −.011 −.379 −.040 −1.353 −.024 −1.334 .079** 3.564 .064** 3.437
9. Married .105** 3.891 .069* 2.397 .127** 7.481 .210** 9.854 −.105** −5.853
10. Number of children −.041 −1.439 −.032 −1.084 −.030+ −1.688 .005 .231 .004 .211
11. Employed .071** 2.620 .110** 3.799 −.005 −.292 .012 .541 −.080** −4.411
12. Family income −.012 −.457 .104** 3.684 .028+ 1.678 .071** 3.378 −.106 −.922
13. Income missing .005 .177 −.048+ −1.754 −.021 −1.298 −.051* −2.491 −.020 −1.174
  R2 .076 .119 .106 .196 .103
  Model chi-square (df) 2164.205(75)**
  1. + p < .1
  2. *p < .05
  3. **p < .01