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Table 1 Overview of the content of the questionnaires employed in the study

From: Design and methods for a cluster-controlled trial conducted at sixty-eight daycare facilities evaluating the impact of “JolinchenKids – Fit and Healthy in Daycare”, a program for health promotion in 3- to 6-year-old children

Assessment method Measure of interest Variables Instrument/Scale
PARENTAL QUESTIONNAIRE
Characteristics of parents Socio-demographic characteristics Age, education, employment, net household income, migration background KiGGS [34]a
Health Height, weight, self-rated health status SF-12, only one item [35]
Smoking Current smoking, intention to quit HAPA, intention [36]
PA PA and sports activities during past three months, intention to engage in PA DEGS [37]b, HAPA, intention [36]
Diet Intention to consume fruits and vegetables HAPA, intention [36]
Family climate Health behaviors performed and health information available in the family context FHC-scale [38]
Characteristics of children Socio-demographic characteristics Age, sex  
Health Height, weight, days of sickness, parent-rated health status, physician-diagnosed chronic conditions, doctor’s visits SF-12 [35], KiGGS [34]a
Diet Consumption of un-sweetened beverages, fruits and vegetables, milk products, snacks, number of meals per day Self-developed quantitative FFQ
PA Hours per week of moderate to intense PA and sports club membership IDEFICS [39]c
Media consumption Time spent watching TV, video, DVD or using the computer, tablet, smartphone or game console IDEFICS [39]c
Mental well-being Health-related quality of life, psychological attributes Kiddy-KINDLR [40], SDQ [41]
DF STAFF QUESTIONNAIRE
Characteristics of DF staff Socio-demographic characteristics Age, sex, employment, migration background DEGS [37]b
PA Work activity, sports activity, leisure-time activity; intention to engage in PA Baecke questionnaire [42], HAPA, intention [36]
Diet Consumption of un-sweetened beverages, fruits and vegetables, milk products, snacks, number of meals per day; intention to consume fruits and vegetables Self-developed quantitative FFQ, HAPA, intention [36]
Smoking Current smoking, intention to quit HAPA, intention [36]
Health Self-rated health status, health-related quality of life, use of healthcare services, preventive health check-up program, preventive services (past 12 months) SF-12 [35], DEGS [37]b
Self-efficacy General self-efficacy GSE [43]
Mental well-being Stress PSS4 [44]
Health literacy Knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise, and apply health information HLS-EU-Q47 [45]
  1. Abbreviations: DEGS German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults, FFQ Food Frequency Questionnaire, FHC Family Health Climate, GSE General Self-Efficacy, HAPA Health Action Process Approach, HLS-EU European Health Literacy, KiGGS German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents, IDEFICS Identification and Prevention of Dietary and Lifestyle induced Health Effects in Children and Infants, KINDL R revised questionnaire to assess Health-Related Quality of Life in children and adolescents, PA Physical activity, PSS4 Perceived Stress Scale, SF-12 Short Form-12, SDQ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire
  2. aItems regarding socio-demographic characteristics of parents will be taken from the parental questionnaire for 3–6 year-olds from the KiGGS
  3. bItems regarding parental PA and DF staff’s health and socio-demographic characteristics will be taken from the health questionnaire for 18–64 year-olds of the DEGS
  4. cItems regarding children’s PA and media consumption will be taken from the parental questionnaire of the IDEFICS study