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Table 5 Adjusted** associations between built environmental variables and commuting physical activity stratified by socioeconomic status (SES) (none vs. some; N = 3379)

From: Built environment and physical activity: domain- and activity-specific associations among Brazilian adolescents

Variables SES 1° tertile SES 2° tertile SES 3° tertile
OR 95%CI p# OR 95%CI p# OR 95%CI p#
Population density¥ 1.16 0.94; 1.44 0.163 1.13 0.95; 1.36 0.175 1.11 0.93; 1.31 0.248
Population between 16 and 20 years density¥ 1.22 0.99; 1.50 0.060 1.13 0.94; 1.36 0.194 1.14 0.95; 1.37 0.160
Average family income per capita¥ 0.95 0.75; 1.21 0.697 1.03 0.80; 1.31 0.838* 1.09 0.92; 1.28 0.315
Street lighting proportion¥ 1.06 0.87; 1.28 0.587 1.22 1.01; 1.47 0.035* 0.95 0.80; 1.13 0.583
Paved streets proportion¥ 0.82 0.67; 1.00 0.050 0.95 0.80; 1.13 0.553 1.01 0.85; 1.20 0.892
Sidewalks proportion¥ 0.89 0.72; 1.10 0.290 1.01 0.85; 1.22 0.878 1.01 0.86; 1.20 0.874
Trees existence proportion¥ 1.03 0.84; 1.26 0.784 1.19 0.99; 1.44 0.061* 1.02 0.83; 1.25 0.866*
Open sewage proportion¥ 1.12 0.91; 1.37 0.277 0.95 0.77; 1.15 0.591 0.86 0.73; 1.02 0.075*
Spread garbage proportion¥ 0.85 0.70; 1.03 0.107 1.21 0.99; 1.49 0.063 0.88 0.75; 1.04 0.130
Connectivity between four or more streets¥ 1.30 0.99; 1.70 0.059 1.14 0.90; 1.43 0.269 1.13 0.95; 1.34 0.156*
Public open spaces 1.04 0.95; 1.14 0.417 0.98 0.92; 1;04 0.477 1.00 0.95; 1.05 0.918
Walking paths/trails 1.01 0.87; 1.17 0.943 1.07 0.95; 1.21 0.281 0.87 0.80; 0.95 0.001*
Cycle paths/lanes 0.95 0.59; 1.52 0.825 1.77 1.05; 2.96 0.031* 0.65 0.50; 0.83 0.001*
Beachfront - - - 0.46 0.13; 1.70 0.246 1.41 0.32; 6.19 0.646
Lower distance for any physical activity attribute¥ 0.89 0.78; 1.01 0.061 0.98 0.79; 1.22 0.858 0.96 0.82; 1.14 0.678
  1. ¥Standardized variables (transformed into Z-scores)
  2. #Wald test, Multiple Logistic Regression
  3. **Adjusted for sex and time living at that address
  4. *Additional adjustment – Adjusted for sex, time living at that address and socioeconomic status and other environmental variables associated (p < 0.05) in the first adjusted model