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Table 3 Crude and Adjusted associations between built environmental variables and leisure walking practice for leisure (none vs. some; N = 3379)

From: Built environment and physical activity: domain- and activity-specific associations among Brazilian adolescents

Variables Crude analyses Adjusted analyses**
OR 95%CI p# OR 95%CI p#
Population density¥ 1.02 0.95; 1.10 0.525 1.02 0.95; 1.09 0.613
Population between 16 and 20 years density¥ 0.99 0.92; 1.06 0.779 0.99 0.92; 1.07 0.868
Average family income per capita¥ 1.07 1.00; 1.15 0.050 1.04 0.97; 1.13 0.282
Street lighting proportion¥ 1.10 1.02; 1.19 0.013 1.00 0.87; 1.14 0.967*
Paved streets proportion¥ 1.01 0.94; 1.08 0.842 1.00 0.93; 1.08 0.963
Sidewalks proportion¥ 1.01 0.94; 1.09 0.775 1.01 0.94; 1.08 0.812
Trees existence proportion¥ 1.11 1.03; 1.20 0.006 1.11 0.97; 1.26 0.132*
Open sewage proportion¥ 0.96 0.89; 1.03 0.227 0.98 0.90; 1.05 0.524
Spread garbage proportion¥ 0.99 0.93; 1.07 0.881 1.00 0.93; 1.07 0.971
Public open spaces 1.00 0.97; 1.02 0.899 0.99 0.97; 1.02 0.593
Walking paths/trails 1.00 0.96; 1.04 0.854 1.00 0.96; 1.04 0.842
Gym 0.99 0.97; 1.01 0.405 0.98 0.96; 1.00 0.125
Beachfront 1.60 0.85; 2.92 0.145 1.62 0.87; 3.01 0.127
Lower distance for any physical activity attribute¥ 0.98 0.91; 1.05 0.508 0.99 0.92; 1.07 0.793
  1. ¥Standardized variables (transformed into Z-scores)
  2. #Wald test, Multiple Logistic Regression
  3. **Adjusted for sex, time living at that address and socioeconomic status
  4. *Additional adjustment – Adjusted for sex, time living at that address and socioeconomic status and other environmental variables associated (p < 0.05) in the first adjusted model