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Table 1 Distribution of respondents by select socio-demographic characteristics and hypertension rates, 2013

From: A population-based national estimate of the prevalence and risk factors associated with hypertension in Rwanda: implications for prevention and control

  Men Women Both sex p-value
Variable n % 95% CI n % 95% CI n   95% CI
Overall 2650 16.5 15.1-18.0 4466 14.4 13.4-15.5 7116 15.4 14.6-16.3 0.018
Age group
 15–24 560 8.4 6.3–11.0 925 7.4 5.8–9.2 1485 7.9 6.5–9.4 <0.001
 25–34 912 18.0 15.6–20.6 1437 8.9 7.5–10.5 2349 13.2 11.9–14.7
 35–44 554 20.0 16.9–23.6 982 18.3 16.0–20.9 1536 19.1 17.2–21.2
 45–54 388 25.0 20.9–29.6 653 30.3 26.9–33.9 1041 27.8 25.2–30.7
 55–64 236 38.1 32.1–44.5 469 41.4 37.0–45.9 705 39.9 36.3–43.7
Province
 Eastern 636 13.4 10.9–16.4 1028 11.8 10.0–13.9 1664 12.6 8.4–14.3 <0.001
 Kigali 282 15.2 11.4–20.0 523 13.5 10.8–16.7 805 14.2 11.9–16.9
 Northern 447 19.1 15.6–23.2 761 16.0 13.6–18.7 1208 17.5 11.4–19.8
 Southern 584 16.5 15.7–19.7 944 13.3 11.4–15.6 1528 14.9 13.2–16.8
 Western 701 18.6 15.8–21.8 1210 17.2 15.1–19.4 1911 17.8 16.1–19.7
Locality
 Rural 2106 16.0 14.5–17.7 3469 14.2 13.0–15.3 5575 15.0 14.1–16.0 0.082
 Semi urban 208 20.8 15.7–27.0 384 16.7 13.2–20.8 592 18.5 15.5–22.0
 Urban 336 17.0 13.3–21.5 613 14.6 12.1–17.6 949 15.7 13.5–18.3
Level of Education
 No formal school 405 18.4 14.9–22.5 1025 22.2 19.8–24.9 1430 20.8 18.7–23.0 <0.001
 Primary school 1813 16.5 14.9–18.3 2849 12.1 10.9–13.3 4662 14.2 13.2–15.3
 Secondary school 371 14.6 11.3–18.6 539 15.3 12.6–18.6 910 15.0 12.7–17.5
 University 61 20.8 12.6–32.4 53 10.5 4.3–23.3 114 16.9 11.1–25.0
Marrital Status
 Never Married 757 10.3 8.4–12.7 922 8.9 7.2–10.9 1679 9.7 8.3–11.2 <0.001
 Married/Cohabitating 1781 21.0 19.1–23.0 2764 15.0 13.7–16.3 4545 17.8 16.7–18.9
 Separated/Divorced/Widowed 110 21.7 14.8–30.5 776 24.8 21.9–28.0 886 24.3 21.5–27.2
Occupation
 Employed/paid 153 22.8 16.6–30.3 145 12.7 8.0–19.4 298 18.7 14.5–23.8 <0.001
 Self-employed 2137 18.3 16.7–20.0 3689 15.6 14.5–16.8 5826 16.9 15.8–17.8
 Student 211 4.6 2.5–8.5 274 5.4 3.3–8.8 485 5.0 3.3–7.4
 Unemployed 146 16.9 11.6–24.0 351 16.1 12.7–20.2 497 16.4 13.4–20.0
 Not mentioned 3 0.0   7 11.5 0.7–70.0 10 6.3 0.5–46.3
Screening & Awareness
 Previously diagnosed 73 12.8 10.1–15.9 272 33.6 30.2–37.2 345 23.0 20.7–25.4  
 Aware 25 34.6 24.1–46.8 80 27.2 22.2–32.9 115 29.3 24.5–34-5