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Table 1 Prevalence of major underlying conditions/risk factor for pneumococcal disease, according to gender, in people over 50 years in Catalonia, Spain

From: Prevalence of high, medium and low-risk medical conditions for pneumococcal vaccination in Catalonian middle-aged and older adults: a population-based study

  MEN
(N = 935,705)
n (%)
WOMEN
(N = 1,097,760)
n (%)
ODDS RATIO (OR)
OR 95%CI
OVERALL
(N = 2,033,465)
n (%)
Immunocompromising conditions
 Primary immunodeficiency 237 (<0.1) 352 (<0.1) 0.79 (0.67–0.93) 589 (<0.1)
 HIV infection 2533 (0.3) 741 (0.1) 4.02 (3.70–4.37) 3274 (0.2)
 Nephrotic syndrome 900 (0.1) 580 (0.1) 1.82 (1.64–2.02) 1480 (0.1)
 Severe renal failure (GFR < 30) 6106 (0.7) 9362 (0.9) 0.76 (0.74–0.79) 15,468 (0.8)
 Bone marrow trasplantation 3096 (0.3) 1938 (0.2) 1.88 (1.77–1.99) 5034 (0.2)
 Recent cancer 55,475 (5.9) 48,473 (4.4) 1.36 (1.35–1.38) 103,948 (5.1)
 Immunosuppressive medication/Radiotherapy 29,408 (3.1) 42,632 (3.9) 0.80 (0.79–0.82) 72,040 (3.5)
Other high risk conditions
 Asplenia 141 (<0.1) 153 (<0.1) 1.08 (0.85–1.37) 294 (<0.1)
 Cochlear implant 27 (<0.1) 49 (<0.1) 0.65 (0.39–1.07) 76 (<0.1)
 CSF leaks 17 (<0.1) 24 (<0.1) 0.85 (0.43–1.61) 41 (<0.1)
Chronic respiratory disease 115,432 (12.3) 96,823 (8.8) 1.45 (1.44–1.47) 212,255 (10.4)
Chronic heart disease 135,426 (14.5) 112,951 (10.3) 1.48 (1.46–1.49) 248,377 (12.2)
Chronic liver disease 23,290 (2.5) 18,444 (1.7) 1.49 (1.46–1.52) 41,734 (2.1)
Diabetes mellitus 183,649 (19.6) 157,886 (14.4) 1.45 (1.44–1.46) 341,535 (16.8)
Alcoholism 51,031 (5.5) 7750 (0.7) 8.11 (7.92–8.31) 58,781 (2.9)
Smoking 194,865 (20.8) 122,693 (11.2) 2.09 (2.07–2.10) 317,558 (15.6)
  1. Odds Ratios (ORs) were calculated for men as compared with women. CI denotes confidence interval