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Table 7 Factors associated with perception of current cereal foods consumption and attempts to change intake, Western Australian Nutrition Monitoring Survey Series (NMSS)

From: Consumer attitudes and misperceptions associated with trends in self-reported cereal foods consumption: cross-sectional study of Western Australian adults, 1995 to 2012

  Best describes current cereal consumption (n = 7030) Tried to change the amount of cereal foods eaten in past 12 months (n = 6684)
Currently trying to eat more
RRR [95% CI]
Thinking about trying to eat more
RRR [95% CI]
Tried to decrease
RRR [95% CI]
Tried to increase
RRR[95% CI]
Versus “not thinking about/already eat enough/thinking to decrease” Versus “have not tried to change”
Year of survey (1995, ref., RRR = 1.00)
 1998 0.74 [0.56,0.97]a 1.13 [0.80,1.58] 1.54 [0.90,2.63] 1.14 [0.89,1.46]
 2001 0.56 [0.42,0.75]c 0.88 [0.60,1.28] 2.57 [1.58,4.20]c 1.25 [0.97,1.62]
 2004 0.44 [0.33,0.60]c 0.52 [0.34,0.78]b 9.19 [5.74,14.71]c 1.97 [1.47,2.63]c
 2009 0.37 [0.27,0.50]c 0.61 [0.42,0.89]b 6.62 [4.06,10.80]c 1.96 [1.45,2.65]c
 2012 0.50 [0.37,0.69]c 0.92 [0.64,1.35] 10.88 [6.81,17.4]c 1.84 [1.38,2.46]c
Sex (Female, ref., RRR =1.00)
 Male    0.46 [0.35,0.60]c 1.04 [0.87,1.24]
Age (years) (18–24, ref., RRR =1.00)
 25–34 0.95 [0.66,1.37] 0.87 [0.56,1.34] 0.72 [0.44,1.17] 1.20 [0.87,1.66]
 35–44 0.95 [0.66,1.36] 0.95 [0.63,1.44] 0.67 [0.42,1.06] 1.37 [1.00,1.88]a
 45–54 0.81 [0.55,1.19] 0.98 [0.64,1.49] 0.61 [0.38,1.00]a 1.39 [1.00,1.94]
 55–64 0.50 [0.32,0.77]b 0.74 [0.47,1.17] 0.55 [0.33,0.93]a 1.77 [1.23,2.55]b
Body mass index (normal weight or under, ref., RRR =1.00)
 Overweight    1.65 [1.22,2.24]c 0.93 [0.76,1.14]
 Obese    1.88 [1.35,2.63]c 0.70 [0.55,0.88]b
Attention paid to the health aspect of diet (Pay a lot of attention, ref., RRR =1.00)
 Take a bit of notice 1.12 [0.91,1.39] 1.61 [1.25,2.06]c 0.55 [0.42,0.71]c 0.90 [0.75,1.09]
 Don’t think about 0.51 [0.32,0.81]c 1.55 [1.02,2.37]a 0.43 [0.22,0.84]a 1.86 [1.25,2.77]b
Perceived recommended serves of cereal (0–4 serves, ref., RRR =1.00)
  ≥ 4 serves    1.56 [1.09,2.23]a 1.15 [0.93,1.43]
 Don’t know    1.84 [1.12,3.05]a 1.70 [1.20,2.41]b
  1. Results are relative risk ratios (RRR) and 95% confidence interval regarding self-perceived current behaviour towards cereal intake and their behaviour in the past 12 months towards cereal foods consumption. Results are from two multinomial logistic regressions using the Stata survey module. Full models include the following variables: survey years, age group, sex, education level, household income, employment status, country of birth, residential area, whether living with children, BMI categories, and their perceived recommended serves per day for cereal foods. Variables with p value < .05 were remained in the final models and reported in the table with the exception of survey year which were remained in final models regardless its significant level