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Table 1 Selected characteristics of non-pregnant women of childbearing age by site

From: Anthropometric indices for non-pregnant women of childbearing age differ widely among four low-middle income populations

Characteristic Equateur Province, DRC Chimaltenango, Guatemala N Karnataka, India Thatta, Pakistan
Maternal age, Mean (SD) 22.9 (4.9) 24.8 (4.5) 22.2 (3.6) 23.6 (4.2)
Age categories, n (%) 1741 1695 1823 2009
 15–18 y 398 (22.9) 136 (8.0) 276 (15.1) 275 (13.7)
 19–24 y 711 (40.8) 711 (41.9) 1101 (60.4) 791 (39.4)
 25–37 y 632 (36.3) 848 (50.0) 446 (24.5) 943 (46.9)
Parity, Mean (SD) 1.6 (1.4) 2.0 (1.2) 1.0 (0.9) 1.6 (1.6)
Parity categories, n (%) 1741 1695 1823 2009
 0 513 (29.5) 135 (8.0) 602 (33.0) 759 (37.8)
 1–2 772 (44.3) 1068 (63.0) 1116 (61.2) 655 (32.6)
 ≥ 3 456 (26.2) 492 (29.0) 105 (5.8) 595 (29.6)
Still breastfeeding baby among those who breastfed their last baby, n/N (%) 848/1179 (71.9) 1021/1500 (68.1) 869/1154 (75.3) 1053/1098 (95.9)
Maternal education (y), Mean (SD) 4.1 (3.1) 5.1 (3.3) 8.3 (3.7) 1.2 (2.8)
Maternal education categorized, n (%) 1741 1695 1823 2009
 No formal schooling 371 (21.3) 137 (8.1) 139 (7.6) 1640 (81.6)
 Primary 1001 (57.5) 1148 (67.7) 275 (15.1) 235 (11.7)
 Secondary + 369 (21.2) 410 (24.2) 1409 (77.3) 134 (6.7)
Indicators of higher SESa, n (%)
 Household has electricity 10 (0.6) 1587 (93.6) 1698 (93.1) 1280 (63.7)
 Household has access to improved water source 683 (39.2) 1512 (89.2) 1808 (99.2) 1732 (86.2)
 Household has own flush toilet 10 (0.6) 770 (45.4) 383 (21.0) 667 (33.2)
 Flooring of dwelling is man made 49 (2.8) 1274 (75.2) 840 (46.1) 869 (43.3)
 Household uses improved cooking fuel 3 (0.2) 214 (12.6) 506 (27.8) 244 (12.1)
 Household has assets 377 (21.7) 1245 (73.5) 1610 (88.3) 876 (43.6)
Tally of indicators of higher SESa, n (%) 1741 1695 1823 2009
 0 indicators present 884 (50.8) 2 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 56 (2.8)
 1–2 present 829 (47.6) 192 (11.3) 184 (10.1) 894 (44.5)
 3–4 present 28 (1.6) 965 (56.9) 1177 (64.6) 721 (35.9)
 5–6 present 0 (0.0) 536 (31.6) 462 (25.3) 338 (16.8)
  1. a In order to compare socio-economic status (SES) across sites, we looked at commonly reported indicators of SES, namely 1) electricity, 2) improved water source, 3) sanitation, 4) man-made flooring, 5) improved cooking fuels, and 6) household assets. Improved water source includes faucet inside house, public tap, other pipe source, public well, mechanical pump well, bore well within home, protected water source; improved cooking fuel includes electricity, LPG, natural gas, kerosene, or coal; assets include more than one of: radio, TV, telephone, bike, motorcycle/motor scooter, or refrigerator, or household owns a car or truck. We tallied these six indicators and reported the proportion of families without any, with 1–2 indicators, with 3–4 indicators, and with 5–6 indicators present