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Table 2 Nutrient intake, and selected food consumption in underweight (UW), healthy-weight (HW), overweight (OW), and obese (OB) participants. n = 109

From: A comparison of nutritional intake and daily physical activity of girls aged 8-11 years old in Makkah, Saudi Arabia according to weight status

Average for 4 Days UW HW OW OB
N = 11 N = 50 N = 16 N = 32
Age (years) 9.5 ± 1.27 9.6 ± 1.1 9.9 ± 1.2 9.3 ± 1.2
Energy (kcal)*** 1412 ± 291a (1133-1909) 1806 ± 403a (1207-2697) 2489 ± 887b (1438-5168) 2677 ± 804b (1595-5168)
EI (Kcal/kg Body wt)* 66 ± 20.32 (47.1 -117.16) 62 ± 16.8 (37.17 - 98) 64 ± 26.6 (37.58 -127.62) 53 ± 14 (27.7 - 89.88)
EI Kcal/kg FFM) 68 ± 10.2 (53.2-82.1) 75 ± 19.3 (45.1- 123.6) 80 ± 25.6 (54.4- 112.12) 86 ± 20.5 (53.5- 143.9)
Protein (g/d)*** 52.9 ± 19a (36.2-86.8) 66.3 ± 24a (25.4-118.2) 79.1 ± 39a,b (39.2-213.3) 87.8 ± 35b (37.7-213.3)
Fat (g/d)*** 50.5 ± 11a (35.8-68.7) 68.8 ± 24.3a (5.3-117.8) 104.5 ± 39b (52-209.2) 108.2 ± 44b (50.0-211.2)
CHO (g/d)*** 199.2 ± 42.4a (161.4-276) 236.5 ± 62.3a (53.6-435.5) 347.4 ± 109.9b (191.8 -642.2) 362 ± 93b (233.7-642.2)
Fruits (g/d) 28.9 ± 39.5 (0.0-105) 35.2 ± 43.5 (0.0-200.5) 29.5 ± 54.8 (0.0-200) 32.9 ± 72.7 (0.0-393.7)
Vegetables (g/d)** 18.3 ± 22a (.00-61.2) 52.3 ± 44.4a (.00-220) 105 ± 114.7b (.00-400) 84.3 ± 73.8a,b (.0-348.7)
Sweets (g/d)*** 59.2 ± 37.5a (.0-145) 98.5 ± 53.4a (.00-237.5) 129.9 ± 67.4a,b (12-253) 147.7 ± 97.7b (.0-361.7)
Sugary drink (ml/d)*** 64.4 ± 40.6a (.0-125) 84.6 ± 51a (.0-212) 104.4 ± 70.4a,b (.0-250) 124.2 ± 52.2b (42-283)
Savoury Snack (g/d)* 1.5 ± 3.5a (0.0-8.7) 20 ± 24.5a, b (0.0-120) 22.7 ± 3.6a, b (0.0- 125) 37 ± 44b (0.0-187)
  1. *** Significant differences p < 0.001; *significant differences p < 0.05 for the effect of the BMI groups
  2. a,b,cTukey Post hoc test: means with the same letter indicate no significant difference. Any difference between two means carrying different letters is significant at 1%
  3. ”Sweets” include: chocolate, sweets, biscuits, cakes, desserts and ice cream
  4. ”Sugary drinks” include: carbonated drinks, fruit squash, and juice with added sugar
  5. ”Savoury snacks” include: crisps and popcorn