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Table 1 Characteristicsa of individualsb stratified according to their region of birthc

From: Labour-market marginalisation after mental disorders among young natives and immigrants living in Sweden

  Sweden Western countries Non-Western countries
N (%) N (%) N (%)
All 1,480,483 (84.4) 131,486 (7.5) 141,575 (8.1)
Characteristics
 Socio-demographic factors
  Sex
   Men 764,667 (51.7) 64,809 (49.3) 65,083 (46.0)
   Women 715,816 (48.3) 66,677 (50.7) 76,492 (54.0)
  Age
   20–24 years 439,880 (29.7) 30,737 (23.4) 40,465 (28.6)
   25–29 years 446,275 (30.1) 41,688 (31.7) 45,010 (31.8)
   30–35 years 594,328 (40.1) 59,061 (44.9) 56,100 (39.6)
  Educational level
   High 559,590 (37.8) 47,983 (36.5) 41,995 (29.7)
   Medium 789,499 (53.3) 49,103 (37.3) 54,941 (38.8)
   Low 128,350 (8.7) 18,177 (13.8) 30,318 (21.4)
   Unknown 3044 (0.2) 16,223 (12.3) 14,321 (10.1)
 Family compositiond
  Married/cohabiting with no children 45,751 (3.1) 11,487 (8.7) 12,983 (9.2)
  Married/ cohabiting with children 410,268 (27.7) 44,700 (34.0) 43,987 (31.1)
  Single with no children 970,912 (65.6) 68,687 (52.2) 75,709 (53.5)
  Single with children 53,550 (3.6) 6611 (5.0) 8889 (6.3)
  Unknown 2 1 7
 Type of living area e
  Big cities 571,240 (38.6) 69,602 (52.9) 82,942 (58.6)
  Medium sized cities 542,218 (36.6) 40,849 (31.1) 42,911 (30.3)
  Small town 367,025 (24.8) 21,035 (16.0) 15,722 (11.1)
 Measurements of health and labour market marginalisation   
  Unemployment
   No unemployment 1,170,358 (79.1) 100,368 (76.3) 99,681 (70.4)
   1–179 days 260,378 (17.6) 24,634 (18.7) 33,003 (23.3)
    ≥ 180 days 49,747 (3.4) 6484 (4.9) 8891 (6.3)
  Sickness absence
   No sickness absence 1,334,578 (90.2) 120,252 (91.5) 130,594 (92.3)
   1–89 days 101,852 (6.9) 7614 (5.8) 7355 (5.2)
    ≥ 90 days 43,725 (3.0) 3601 (2.7) 3608 (2.5)
 Mental disorders 50,795 (3.4) 4388 (3.3) 5748 (4.1)
  Affective disorders 12,742 (0.9) 987 (0.8) 1270 (0.9)
  Behavioural/emotional/developmental disorders 5323 (0.4) 362 (0.3) 525 (0.4)
  Organic disorders/mental retardation 353 (0.0) 31 (0.0) 52 (0.0)
  Personality disorders 1345 (0.1) 95 (0.1) 109 (0.1)
  Schizophrenia/non-affective disorders 1387 (0.1) 209 (0.2) 337 (0.2)
  Neurotic/stress-related/somatoform disorders 17,447 (1.2) 1844 (1.4) 2274 (1.6)
  Substance abuse disorders 12,198 (0.8) 860 (0.7) 1181 (0.8)
  Somatic disorders 917,036 (61.9) 70,588 (53.7) 88,371 (62.4)
  1. aAll covariates were measured at baseline (2004) with exception of inpatient and specialised outpatient health care, which was measured 2001–2004
  2. bAll individuals were 20–35 years, and resident in Sweden at 31st of December 2004 (N = 1,753,544)
  3. cWestern countries (a. Nordic countries except Sweden, b. EU except Sweden, Finland and Denmark, c. Europe outside EU and Nordic countries and d. North America and Oceania); non-Western countries (a. Africa, b. Asia and c. South-America)
  4. dWith or without children living at home
  5. eType of living area: big cities = Stockholm, Gothenburg, and Malmö; medium-sized cities = cities with >90,000 inhabitants within 30 km distance from the centre of the city; small cities/villages = all remaining cities/villages