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Table 3 Overview of quantitative studies focusing mostly on intimate partner violence (IPV)

From: Effectiveness of secondary and tertiary prevention for violence against women in low and low-middle income countries: a systematic review

Study Country and setting Study design and sample Intervention Outcomes Global quality rating
Saggurti et al. 2014 [34] Mumbai, IndiaLow-income community (slum) Cluster-randomised controlled trial. Married women reporting IPV or that their husband engages in heavy drinking were enrolled in the intervention or control group based on their geographic cluster.
Control group n = 102
Intervention group n = 118
The Reducing HIV among Non-Infected Wives (RHANI) program included four individual sessions and two group sessions over 6–9 weeks. Sessions focused on problem solving and marital communication, as well as building social cohesion (group sessions).
The control group received referrals to local services, and both groups viewed street plays about marital violence and alcohol use in their villages.
Intention-to-treat analysis of survey measures at baseline and follow-up. A reduction in self-reported marital conflict in the last 3 months was seen for the intervention group, but results were not statistically significant at a p-value of 0.05 (RR = 0.4; 90% CI 0.1–0.9; p = 0.064). Similarly no statistically significant effect was seen on marital IPV in the last 3 months (RR = 0.7; 90% CI 0.2–1.8; p = 0.548) or sexual coercion in the last 3 months (RR = 0.2; 90% CI 0.05–0.9; p = 0.082). WEAK
Satyanarayana et al. 2016 [39] Bangalore, IndiaInpatient hospital psychiatric services Randomised controlled trial. Male patients admitted to psychiatric services with Alcohol Dependency Syndrome (ADS), who were married with children, and admitted to perpetration of IPV were randomized:
Control group n = 88Intervention group n = 89
The Integrated Cognitive Behavioural Intervention (ICBI) consisted of eight sessions discussing links between alcohol and IPV, consequences and prevention of IPV, as well as teaching of cognitive behavioural techniques such as anger management.
The control group received treatment as usual, consisting of pharmacotherapy and psychoeducation regarding treatment ADS.
Survey measures (from both husband and wife) at baseline, 1 month follow-up and 3 months follow-up.
Though no statistically significant reduction in alcohol consumption was found among the intervention group relative to the control group at 3 months post-intervention (p = 0.44), significant reductions in the wives’ reports of violence (Effect size = 0.24; p = 0.005) and symptoms of depression (Effect size = 0.17; p = 0.04), anxiety (Effect size = 0.15; p = 0.006) and stress (Effect size = 0.07; p = 0.01) were seen, relative to the control group.