Skip to main content

Table 2 Descriptive statistics of variables

From: Exploring the intergenerational persistence of health behaviour: an empirical study of smoking from China

Variables Total sample (1) Smoking sample (2) Non-smoking sample (3)
Smoking (=1) 0.030 1.000 0.000
Number of cigarettes smoked per day 0.254 8.346 -
Mother smoker (=1) 0.025 0.053 0.024***
Father smoker (=1) 0.715 0.902 0.709***
Number of cigarettes mother smoked per day 0.226 0.511 0.217*
Number of cigarettes father smoked per day 11.665 14.541 11.574***
Age 15.508 16.784 15.468***
Female (=1) 0.484 0.015 0.499***
Living in rural area (=1) 0.714 0.722 0.714
Mother’s age 42.237 43.679 42.191***
Father’s age 43.988 46.189 43.919***
Father’s education year 7.640 6.391 7.679***
Mother’s education year 5.729 4.887 5.755***
Mother’s employment type
 Unemployed 0.171 0.165 0.171
 Farmer 0.113 0.143 0.112
 Collective owned enterprises 0.470 0.519 0.468
 Private or foreign enterprises 0.063 0.053 0.063
 Government or state owned 0.160 0.075 0.162***
 Other employment 0.010 0.015 0.010
Father’s employment type
 Unemployed 0.083 0.113 0.082
 Farmer 0.103 0.135 0.102
 Collective owned enterprises 0.432 0.459 0.431
 Private or foreign enterprises 0.103 0.090 0.103
 Government or state owned enterprises 0.253 0.135 0.256***
 Other employment 0.011 0.023 0.011
Annual household income per capita 4464.620 4089.133 4476.412
N 4368 133 4235
  1. Note: (1) The statistics reported are the sample mean. (2) Asterisks (***) denote statistically significant difference between the urban and rural groups (at 5% level). (3) The annual household per capita income is measured in 2009 yuan and is calculated by dividing the total household income by number of people in the family (parents and adolescents)