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Table 1 General characteristics of the study population of adults in Buea, Cameroon, 2016

From: Population awareness of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors in Buea, Cameroon

Characteristics Male (n = 445, 38.3%) Female (n = 717, 61.7%) Total (N = 1162) p-value
Age, mean ± SD 31.4 ± 12.8 31.6 ± 12.1 31.5 ± 12.4 0.747
 Age category     0.032
  18–24 years 191 (43.0) 268 (37.4) 459 (39.5)  
  25–34 years 111 (25.0) 218 (30.4) 329 (28.3)  
  35–44 years 64 (14.4) 108 (15.1) 172 (14.8)  
  45–54 years 56 (12.6) 80 (11.2) 136 (11.7)  
  55–64 years 12 (2.7) 36 (5.0) 48 (4.1)  
  ≥ 65 years 10 (2.3) 07 (1.0) 17 (1.5)  
 Marital Status     <0.0001
  Single 345 (77.7) 440 (61.5) 785 (67.7)  
  Divorced 11 (2.5) 29 (4.1) 40 (3.5)  
  Widowed 11 (2.5) 33 (4.6) 44 (3.8)  
  Married 78 (17.4) 213 (29.8) 290 (25.0)  
 Level of education     0.002
  Up to secondary 90 (20.3) 209 (29.4) 299 (25.9)  
  High school 102 (23.0) 138 (19.4) 240 (20.8)  
  Diploma 41 (9.3) 86 (12.1) 127 (11.0)  
  Undergrad University 173 (39.1) 231 (32.5) 404 (35.0)  
Postgrad University 37 (8.4) 47 (6.6) 84 (7.3)  
 Employment status     <0.0001
  Unemployed 51 (11.7) 86 (12.0) 137 (11.9)  
  Retired 18 (4.1) 10 (1.4) 28 (2.4)  
  Housewife 00 (0.0) 71 (10.0) 71 (6.2)  
  Student 230 (52.6) 340 (47.6) 570 (49.5)  
  Self employed 93 (21.3) 152 (21.3) 245 (21.3)  
  Employed 44 (10.0) 56 (7.8) 100 (8.7)  
 Monthly income     <0.0001
  < 50,000FCFA 262 (61.1) 450 (66.3) 712 (64.3)  
  50–100,000FCFA 92 (21.4) 172 (25.3) 264 (23.8)  
  >100,000FCFA 75 (17.4) 57 (8.3) 132 (11.9)  
 Family history of CVD     0.337
  Yes 145 (32.8) 227 (31.8) 370 (32.2)  
  No 296 (67.2) 486 (68.2) 782 (67.8)  
 Overall BMI, mean ± SD (kg/m2) 24.4 ± 3.9 25.6 ± 5.0 25.2 ± 4.7 <0.0001
 Normal (18.5 ≤ BMI ≤ 24.9) 280 (64.4) 348 (49.4) 628 (55.1)  
 Overweight (25 ≤ BMI ≤ 29.9) 133 (30.6) 263 (37.4) 396 (34.8)  
 Obese (≥30 kg/m2) 22 (5.1) 93 (13.2) 115 (10.1)  
 Perception of weight     0.004
  Underweight 13 (2.9) 32 (4.5) 45 (4.0)  
  Normal 392 (90.9) 583 (82.8) 975 (85.9)  
  Overweight 25 (5.9) 84 (11.9) 109 (9.5)  
  Obese 1 (0.3) 5 (0.8) 6 (0.6)  
Perception of lifestyle     0.536
  Very stressful 22 (4.9) 36 (5.2) 58 (5.0)  
  Stressful 115 (25.9) 157 (22.0) 272 (23.6)  
  Relatively stressful 218 (49.3) 354 (49.9) 572 (49.6)  
  Free from stress 88 (19.9) 163 (22.9) 251 (21.8)  
 Smoking status     <0.0001
  Current 60 (13.6) 13 (1.9) 73 (6.4)  
  Former 53 (12.1) 08 (1.1) 61 (5.4)  
  Never 325 (74.2) 688 (97.0) 1013 (88.2)  
 Alcohol Use     <0.0001
 Yes 158 (35.7) 96 (13.4) 254 (21.9)  
 No 284 (64.3) 619 (86.6) 903 (78.1)  
Frequency of eating healthy food     0.539
 Not everyday 366 (83.0) 602 (84.3) 968 (83.3)  
 Everyday 75 (17.0) 112 (15.7) 187 (16.7)  
 Number of times you do at least 30mins of physical activity in a week     0.001
0–2 times 168 (42.1) 363 (54.1) 531 (49.6)  
3 times or more 231 (57.9) 308 (45.9) 539 (50.4)  
  1. Numbers represent frequency and percentage in brackets for categorical variables and means ± standard deviation for continuous variables. Group means compared using independent t-test; proportions compared using chi square test
  2. Abbreviations: CVD cardiovascular disease, BMI body mass index, SD standard deviation, FCFA Central African francs