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Table 4 A comparison of results for evidence of effectiveness of interventions to increase vaccination coverage in LMICs from a Cochrane review, [26] and in slum populations identified in this paper

From: Immunization, urbanization and slums – a systematic review of factors and interventions

Intervention type Strength of evidence of benefit
Cochrane Review (general populations) Slum populations
Education Moderate Some evidence of potential benefit
Education and reminder cards Low Not tested
Household financial incentive No effect Some evidence of potential benefit
Outreach and financial incentives Low Not tested
Home visits Low Evidence of benefit, where distance is significant.
Integrating immunisation with other health services Low Not tested
Text messaging Not tested Some evidence of potential benefit
Community involvement Not tested Important factor in effective studies.