Skip to main content

Table 4 Demographic, behavioural and analytical characteristics of the Metabolic Syndrome subjects

From: The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Portugal: the PORMETS study

  With MetS Without MetS Prevalence ratio (95%CI) a p
Gender Men 656 (39.0) 1026 (61.0) *  
Women 938 (40.7) 1367 (59.3) 1.15 (1.07–1.23) < 0.001
Age [years, n (%)] 18–30 21 (5.0) 402 (95.0) *  
31–40 87 (16.0) 458 (84.0) 3.20 (2.02–5.06) < 0.001
41–50 222 (30.5) 506 (69.5) 6.09 (3.96–9.37) < 0.001
51–60 391 (47.3) 435 (52.7) 9.52 (6.23–14.53) < 0.001
61–70 467 (58.5) 331 (41.5) 11.91 (7.82–18.15) < 0.001
> 70 406 (60.9) 261 (39.1) 12.40 (8.14–18.90) <0.001
Education [years, n (%)] 0–4 1054 (53.2) 929 (46.8) 1.11 (0.97–1.28) 0.137
5–12 415 (27.1) 1116 (72.9) 1.03 (0.89–1.20) 0.678
> 12 125 (26.4) 348 (73.6) *  
Marital status Single/divorced/widower 377 (34.6) 713 (65.4) *  
Married 1211 (41.9) 1676 (58.1) 0.99 (0.92–1.08) 0.869
Occupation [n (%)] Student 2 (2.4) 81 (97.6) 0.54 (0.14–2.09) 0.372
Unemployed 72 (36.2) 127 (63.8) 1.26 (1.03–1.53) 0.024
Housewife 195 (48.4) 208 (51.6) 1.23 (1.05–1.43) 0.010
Retired 703 (58.4) 500 (41.6) 1.16 (1.00–1.35) 0.046
Blue-collar 251 (29.4) 602 (70.6) 1.03 (0.81–1.20) 0.684
White-collar 193 (24.1) 607 (75.9) *  
Smoking status [n (%)] Smoker 137 (24.2) 429 (75.8) 0.85 (0.73–0.98) 0.027
Ex-smoker 245 (42.8) 327 (57.2) 1.00 (0.90–1.11) 0.977
Non-smoker 1198 (43.1) 1580 (56.9) *  
Physical exercise [n (%)] No 1232 (42.9) 1638 (57.1) 1.18 (1.08–1.29) <0.001
Yes 338 (31.9) 722 (68.1) *  
Residence [n (%)] Non-urban 835 (43.4) 1087 (56.6) 1.13 (1.05–1.20) 0.001
Urban 759 (36.8) 1306 (63.2) *  
Weight [kg, Mean (SE)] 78.5 (13.6) 68.1 (12.3) 1.00 (1.00–1.00) <0.001
Body mass index [kg/m2, Mean (SE)] 30.0 (4.4) 25.6 (4.0) 1.09 (1.08–1.10) <0.001
Waist circumference [cm, Mean (SE)] 101.4 (10.1) 88.2 (11.0) 1.00 (1.00–1.00) <0.001
Hip circumference [cm, Mean (SE)] 108.2 (9.4) 100.5 (8.5) 1.00 (1.00–1.00) <0.001
Total cholesterol [mg/dL, Mean (SE)] 211.6 (43.0) 207.1 (41.1) 1.04 (0.96–1.13) 0.305
HDL cholesterol [mg/dL, Mean (SE)] 43.2 (11.0) 51.0 (12.5) 0.81 (0.65–1.06) 0.067
Triglycerides [mg/dL, Mean (SE)] 159.0 (86.4) 99.8 (46.3) 1.28 (1.24–1.32) <0.001
Glucose [mg/dL, Mean (SE)] 105.5 (35.7) 83.1 (16.1) 1.11 (1.07–1.15) <0.001
Insulin [μU/ml, Median (P25 -P75)] 9.99 (6.80–14.30) 6.50 (4.40–9.50) 1.03 (1.03–1.04) <0.001
hs-CRP [mg/L, Median (P25 -P75)] 0.22 (0.10–0.47) 0.13 (0.06–0.29) 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 0.107
HOMA –IR [Median (P25 -P75)] 2.43 (1.58–3.72) 1.32 (0.86–1.96) 1.09 (1.07–1.10) <0.001
Diabetes [n (%)] 451 (76.8) 136 (23.2) 1.65 (1.55–1.75) < 0.001
Previous myocardial infarction [n (%)] 115 (69.3) 51 (30.7) 1.26 (1.14–1.40) <0.001
Previous stroke [n (%)] 138 (63.3) 80 (36.7) 1.19 (1.07–1.31) 0.001
  1. MetS: metabolic syndrome (as defined by HARM2009).
  2. The PORMETS study was conducted in mainland Portugal from February 2007 to July 2009.
  3. aPrevalence ratio adjusted for sex and age.
  4. *Reference class.