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Table 2 Distribution of MOVES across sociodemographic and economic characteristics

From: Developing a comprehensive measure of mobility: mobility over varied environments scale (MOVES)

Sociodemographic or Economic Characteristics Weighted Percentage (95% CI) Mean MOVES (95% CI) p-value for MOVESa
Sex    <.0001
 Male 44.9 (43.7, 46.0) 29.9 (29.8, 30.0)  
 Female 49.0 (47.9, 50.2) 29.3 (29.1, 29.4)  
Age    <.0001
 45–54 36.7 (35.4, 37.9) 30.8 (30.6, 30.9)  
 55–64 28.0 (27.1, 28.9) 30.4 (30.2, 30.5)  
 65–74 16.6 (16.0, 17.2) 28.5 (28.3, 28.6)  
 75–84 9.7 (9.3, 10.1) 26.5 (26.3, 26.7)  
 85+ 3.0 (2.8, 3.2) 24.0 (23.7, 24.3)  
Worked at job or business    <.0001
 Yes 57.3 (56.2, 58.3) 31.0 (30.8, 31.1)  
 No 38.8 (37.8, 39.8) 27.6 (27.4, 27.7)  
Retirement status    <.0001
 Completely retired 33.0 (32.0, 33.9) 27.9 (27.8, 28.0)  
 Partially retired or not retired 61.7 (60.7, 62.7) 30.7 (30.6, 30.8)  
Highest level of education    <.0001
 Less than or secondary school graduation 24.6 (23.7, 25.5) 27.9 (27.8, 28.1)  
 Some post-secondary 4.5 (4.1, 5.0) 29.7 (29.3, 30.1)  
 Post-secondary graduation 64.9 (63.9, 65.9) 30.2 (30.1, 30.3)  
Total household income from all sources    <.0001
 Less than $19,999 9.1 (8.6, 9.6) 26.3 (26.0, 26.5)  
 $20,000 TO $49,999 28.3 (27.3, 29.3) 28.5 (28.4, 28.6)  
 $50,000 TO $99,999 33.8 (32.6, 35.0) 30.4 (30.2, 30.5)  
 $100,000 and over 24.1 (22.9, 25.2) 31.5 (31.3, 31.7)  
Region or Province of residence    <.0001
 Atlantic 7.2 (6.9, 7.5) 29.1 (28.9, 29.2)  
 Quebec 23.2 (22.3, 24.2) 28.9 (28.7, 29.0)  
 Ontario 36.4 (35.2, 37.6) 29.6 (29.4, 29.7)  
 Prairies 14.6 (14.0, 15.2) 30.2 (30.1, 30.4)  
 British Columbia 12.5 (11.8, 13.2) 30.5 (30.2, 30.7)  
Population size group    0.0033
 Rural area 15.1 (14.2, 16.0) 29.2 (29.0, 29.4)  
 Urban area < 100,000 13.4 (12.7, 14.2) 29.4 (29.2, 29.6)  
  ≥ 100,000 to <500,000 21.2 (20.3, 22.0) 29.5 (29.4, 29.7)  
  ≥ 500,000 44.2 (43.1, 45.3) 29.8 (29.6, 29.9)  
Flag for tenure of dwelling    <.0001
 Not owned by the respondent 16.9 (16.1, 17.7) 27.8 (27.6, 28.0)  
 Owned by the respondent 77.5 (76.6, 78.4) 30.0 (29.9, 30.1)  
Type of dwelling    <.0001
 Single detached house 67.4 (66.4, 68.4) 30.0 (29.9, 30.1)  
 Double, row or terrace, duplex house 10.6 (10.0, 11.3) 29.5 (29.2, 29.8)  
 Low-rise or high rise apartment 14.2 (13.6, 14.9) 27.9 (27.7, 28.1)  
 Mobile home or other 1.6 (1.4, 1.8) 28.6 (28.2, 29.1)  
Household size    <.0001
 Alone 17.5 (16.9, 18.2) 27.8 (27.7, 28.0)  
 2 people 45.3 (44.2, 46.4) 29.6 (29.5, 29.7)  
 3 or more 31.1 (29.9, 32.3) 30.5 (30.4, 30.7)  
Marital status    <.0001
 Married or common-law 69.8 (68.9, 70.7) 30.1 (30.0, 30.2)  
 Widowed, separated, or divorced 18.3 (17.7, 19.0) 27.7 (27.5, 27.8)  
 Single, or never married 5.8 (5.3, 6.2) 28.8 (28.5, 29.2)  
Cultural/Racial Background    0.0251
 Not White 11.4 (10.6, 12.2) 29.3 (29.0, 29.5)  
 White 83.0 (82.1, 83.9) 29.6 (29.5, 29.7)  
Immigrant    0.0042
 Yes 22.8 (21.9, 23.8) 29.3 (29.1, 29.5)  
 No 71.6 (70.6, 72.6) 29.7 (29.6, 29.8)  
County of Birth    <.0001
 Canada 70.9 (69.9, 72.0) 29.7 (29.6, 29.8)  
 Other North America 1.1 (0.9, 1.3) 29.8 (29.2, 30.4)  
 Others 22.3 (21.4, 23.3) 29.3 (29.1, 29.5)  
  1. aP-values from t-test or ANOVA testing for differences in mean MOVE. All results weighted using the Statistics Canada proportional sampling scheme and applied Balanced Repeated Replication (BRR) with 500 bootstrap weight variables to obtain the correct standard errors for ANOVA