Skip to main content

Table 1 Full set of component items for each domain of the MOVES included in both the final MOVES score and sensitivity analysis

From: Developing a comprehensive measure of mobility: mobility over varied environments scale (MOVES)

Item Points toward MOVESa Weighted Percent of responses (95% CI)
Physical Domain
Instrumental & Basic Activities of Daily Living Classification
 No Functional Impairment 10 89.1 (88.5, 89.6)
 Mild Impairment 7.5 7.9 (7.4, 8.4)
 Moderate Impairment 5 2.1 (1.8, 2.3)
 Severe Impairment 2.5 0.5 (0.4, 0.6)
 Total Impairment 0 0.5 (0.4, 0.6)
Ambulation (Mobility)   
 Able to walk around the neighbourhood without difficulty, and without walking equipment 10 93.4 (93.0, 93.8)
 Able to walk around the neighbourhood with difficulty; but does not require walking equipment or the help of another person 8 1.2 (1.0, 1.4)
 Able to walk around the neighbourhood with walking equipment, but without the help of another person 6 3.7 (3.4, 4.0)
 Able to walk only short distances with walking equipment, and requires a wheelchair to get around the neighbourhood 4 0.3 (0.2, 0.3)
 Unable to walk alone, even with walking equipment. Able to walk short distances with the help of another person, and requires a wheelchair to get around the neighbourhood 2 1.1 (0.9, 1.2)
 Cannot walk at all 0 0.3 (0.3, 0.4)
Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) Score   
 Quartile 1 10 25.1 (24.0, 26.1)
 Quartile 2 6.67 25.1 (24.1, 26.1)
 Quartile 3 3.33 25.1 (24.1, 26.0)
 Quartile 4 0 24.8 (23.9, 25.7)
Reported that health condition limited participation in (more) activitiesb −1 5.8 (5.4, 6.2)
Reported that health condition limited use of public transportationb −1 2.0 (1.8, 2.2)
Reported that health condition limited use of accessible transportationb −1 0.5 (0.4, 0.5)
Reported that physical condition is a barrier to improve healthb −1 2.8 (2.5, 3.1)
Reported that disability or health problem is a barrier to improveb −1 3.6 (3.3, 4.0)
Cognitive Domain
Cognition
 Able to remember most things, think clearly and solve day to day problems 10 73.9 (73.0, 74.9)
 Able to remember most things, but have a little difficulty when trying to think and solve day to day problems 8 2.2 (1.9, 2.5)
 Somewhat forgetful, but able to think clearly and solve day to day problems 6 17.2 (16.3, 18.0)
 Somewhat forgetful, and have a little difficulty when trying to think or solve day to day problems 4 5.0 (4.6, 5.5)
 Very forgetful, and have great difficulty when trying to think or solve day to day problems 2 1.4 (1.2, 1.6)
 Unable to remember anything at all, and unable to think or solve day to day problems 0 0.2 (0.1, 0.3)
Fear of falling
 Not applicable (<65 years old) 10 68.1 (67.2, 68.9)
 Not worried or concerned about future falls 10 21.2 (20.5, 21.9)
 Worried or concerned about future falls, have not stopped activities 5 6.0 (5.6, 6.3)
 Worried or concerned about future falls, have stopped some activities 0 4.8 (4.5, 5.0)
Transport Domain
Number of modes (comprised of the modes below)c
 No Modes 0 0.3 (0.2, 0.4)
 1 Mode 2.5 30.2 (29.2, 31.2)
 2 Modes 5 36.7 (35.6, 37.8)
 3 Modes 7.5 25.4 (24.4, 26.3)
 4 Modes 10 7.5 (6.8, 8.1)
Modes of transport used in past monthc
 Drive (at least once in past week) 2.5 83.0 (82.3, 83.7)
 Passenger (passenger/taxi) 2.5 64.5 (63.4, 65.6)
 Transit (public transit/accessible transit) 2.5 21.9 (21.0, 22.9)
 Active travel (cycling/walking) 2.5 40.2 (39.1, 41.3)
Reported that transportation problems limited participation in (more) activitiesb −1 1.3 (1.1, 1.5)
Reported that transportation problems is a barrier to improve healthb −1 0.2 (0.1, 0.3)
Reported that transportation problems are the reason they did not see the dentistb −1 0.0 (0.0, 0.1)
Social Domain
Sense of belonging to local community
 Very strong 10 22.1 (21.2, 23.0)
 Somewhat strong 6.67 44.0 (42.8, 45.1)
 Somewhat weak 3.33 23.4 (22.5, 24.4)
 Very weak 0 10.1 (9.5, 10.8)
Frequency of participation in a community-related activity
 Did not participate in a community-related activity 0 1.9 (1.7, 2.1)
 Participated at least once a year 2.5 4.5 (4.0, 4.9)
 Participated at least once a month 5 20.8 (19.8, 21.7)
 Participated at least once a week 7.5 60.9 (59.8, 62.0)
 Participated at least once a day 10 11.9 (11.2, 12.7)
Tangible social support (higher values indicate higher social support)
 Index score from 0 to 16 0 0.8 (0.6, 1.0)
 1 0.625 0.4 (0.3, 0.6)
 2 1.25 0.6 (0.4, 0.7)
 3 1.875 0.7 (0.6, 0.9)
 4 2.5 1.2 (0.9, 1.4)
 5 3.125 1.0 (0.8, 1.1)
 6 3.75 1.4 (1.1, 1.6)
 7 4.375 1.7 (1.4, 1.9)
 8 5 3.1 (2.7, 3.4)
 9 5.625 2.6 (2.3, 2.9)
 10 6.25 3.8 (3.4, 4.2)
 11 6.875 4.3 (3.9, 4.7)
 12 7.5 10.9 (10.1, 11.7)
 13 8.125 6.4 (5.9, 7.0)
 14 8.75 8.3 (7.7, 9.0)
 15 9.375 9.9 (9.2, 10.6)
 16 10 43.0 (41.8, 44.1)
Financial Domaind
Reported that cost limited participation in (more) activitiesb −1 3.2 (2.8, 3.6)
Reported that cost limited use of public transportationb −1 0.6 (0.4, 0.8)
Reported that cost limited use of accessible transportationb −1 0.3 (0.2, 0.5)
Reported that cost is a barrier to improve healthb −1 1.5 (1.3, 1.7)
  1. aAll component items coded so that higher points indicate more positive mobility and then scaled to be between 0 and 10 points. Barriers each coded as penalties of 1 point
  2. bStatistical refinement using Cronbach’s alpha identified that barrier and limitation items (including all of those in the financial domain) were not adding to the overall MOVES or the domains. These items only used in sensitivity analyses
  3. cNumber of modes was used for the MOVES, but the breakdown of each transport mode is also presented for descriptive purposes
  4. dThe Financial Domain was not included in the final MOVES due to results of the statistical refinement