Skip to main content

Table 3 Hierarchical multivariable logistic regression analysis of Tuberculosis treatment abandonment

From: Determinants of tuberculosis transmission and treatment abandonment in Fortaleza, Brazil

Variable Categories Odds ratio 95% CI
Notification year (ref = 2007) 2008 0.98 [0.79–1.22]
  2009 1.05 [0.84–1.30]
  2010 1.15 [0.92–1.44]
  2011 1.39 [1.11–1.73]
  2012 1.17 [0.92–1.48]
  2013 1.42 [1.12–1.81]
  2014 1.71 [1.34–2.16]
Age (years; ref. = 0–9) 10–19 1.40 [0.71–2.75]
  20–29 1.95 [1.00–3.79]
  30–39 1.71 [0.88–3.32]
  40–49 1.30 [0.67–2.52]
  50–59 1.13 [0.58–2.22]
  60–69 0.71 [0.36–1.42]
  >69 0.65 [0.32–1.31]
Male   1.21 [1.08–1.35]
Race (ref = white) Black 1.20 [0.95–1.52]
  Yellow 2.02 [1.31–3.11]
  Brown 1.28 [1.09–1.49]
  Indigenous 1.11 [0.46–2.73]
  Unknown 1.17 [0.91–1.49]
Education (ref = none) Primary incomplete 0.90 [0.68–1.19]
  Primary complete 0.98 [0.73–1.33]
  Secondary incomplete 0.86 [0.65–1.14]
  Secondary complete 0.68 [0.49–0.93]
  High school incomplete 0.57 [0.41–0.79]
  High school complete 0.41 [0.29–0.57]
  College incomplete 0.29 [0.14–0.56]
  College complete 0.33 [0.19–0.59]
  Unknown 0.78 [0.60–1.02]
  Not applicable (age < 7) 0.75 [0.34–1.67]
Pregnant at diagnosis   0.47 [0.19–1.19]
HIV test (ref = negative) Positive 2.10 [1.72–2.55]
  Not done 1.93 [1.71–2.16]
Alcohol use (ref = No) Yes 1.76 [1.53–2.03]
  Unknown 1.26 [0.91–1.74]
Diabetes (ref = No) Yes 0.59 [0.46–0.77]
  Unknown 0.84 [0.62–1.13]
Any other aggravating condition (ref = No) Yes 1.39 [1.20–1.61]
  Unknown 0.89 [0.73–1.09]
TB type (ref = Pulmonary) Extrapulmonary 0.74 [0.62–0.87]
  Both 0.74 [0.51–1.09]
First baseline culture (ref = Negative) Positive 1.63 [1.15–2.31]
  Unknown 1.62 [1.20–2.19]
DOT recommended (ref = No) Yes 1.43 [1.23–1.65]
  Unknown 1.10 [0.75–1.62]
DOT throughout treatment (ref = No) Yes 0.69 [0.60–0.79]
  Unknown 0.74 [0.50–1.12]
Bairro-level literacy rate 10 percentage points 0.83 [0.61–1.13]
Bairro-level sewerage coverage 10 percentage points 1.05 [1.02–1.09]
Bairro-level: homicide rate One standard deviation 0.92 [0.85–1.00]
District (ref = District I) II 1.18 [0.90–1.56]
  III 0.69 [0.52–0.92]
  IV 0.91 [0.66–1.24]
  V 0.99 [0.73–1.34]
  VI 1.04 [0.77–1.40]
Constant   0.13 [0.01–2.20]
Bairro-level random effect variance   0.07 [0.03–0.12]
  1. This model contained only covariates significant in bivariate models (results of bivariate models are shown in Additional file 3: Table S2). For bairro-level variables, odds ratios are those associated with a change in the covariate of the indicated amount