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Table 5 Perceived Likelihood of Participating in Treatment by Level of Child Externalising Disorders

From: Optimising child outcomes from parenting interventions: fathers’ experiences, preferences and barriers to participation

Factor Total
M (SD)
High EXT
M (SD)
Low EXT
M (SD)
F
Technology-Based
 Internet-based parenting program 3.18 (1.22) 3.51 (1.13) 3.06 (1.22) 20.89 *
 A mobile phone app 2.65 (1.29) 3.13 (1.30) 2.44 (1.22) 42.57 *
 Phone sessions 2.26 (1.15) 2.82 (1.29) 2.01 (1.01) 91.05 *
Single Sessions
 A one-off seminar (both parents) 3.07 (1.16) 3.38 (1.09) 2.95 (1.16) 22.72 *
 A one-off seminar (father only) 3.02 (1.15) 3.29 (1.14) 2.90 (1.14) 18.72 *
Weekly Sessions
 Group sessions (both parents) 2.82 (1.15) 3.19 (1.08) 2.66 (1.12) 33.16 *
 Group sessions (father only) 2.76 (1.13) 3.15 (1.17) 2.60 (1.07) 36.65 *
 Individual sessions (both parents) 2.83 (1.18) 3.32 (1.16) 2.63 (1.13) 60.66 *
 Individual sessions (father only) 2.77 (1.14) 3.13 (1.17) 2.60 (1.09) 38.06 *
  1. High EXT fathers of children with high or very high levels of externalising disorders (conduct problems or hyperactivity), as indicated by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), low EXT fathers of children with close to average or slightly raised levels of externalising disorders, as indicated by the SDQ; N = 1001, df = 2 for all ANCOVAs comparisons by level of externalising disorders; * Bonferroni-corrected p value (p < .008); all data and analyses adjusted for sampling weights