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Table 1 Sample Characteristics for fathers in the High and Low Externalising Groups

From: Optimising child outcomes from parenting interventions: fathers’ experiences, preferences and barriers to participation

Variable Total sample High EXT (n = 296) Low EXT (n = 705) t or χ2 value
   Mean (SD) Mean (SD) t
Father age (years) 42.30 (9.31) 39.11 (9.42) 43.64 (8.93) 7.21***
Number of children 2.09 (1.06) 2.09 (1.27) 2.09 (0.97) −0.06
Age of target child 8.89 (4.37) 8.67 (4.45) 8.96 (4.34) 0.96
   n (%) n (%) χ2
Child gender male 603 (60.2) 199 (67.2) 404 (57.3) 8.57**
English language 920 (92.0) 279 (93.9) 642 (91.1) 2.33
Father education
 University 545 (54.4) 171 (57.8) 373 (53.0) 4.27
 Secondary school 378 (37.8) 98 (33.1) 280 (39.8)  
 Grade 10 or less 78 (7.8) 27 (9.1) 51 (7.2)  
Married/defacto 867 (86.7) 256 (86.5) 611 (86.8) 0.17
Child living arrangement
 Full-time with father 881 (88.1) 270 (90.9) 611 (86.8) 3.49
 Part-time with father 75 (7.5) 16 (5.4) 59 (8.4)  
 Not living with father 45 (4.5) 11 (3.7) 34 (4.8)  
Involvement in child rearing
 Extremely involved 433 (43.3) 132 (44.6) 301 (42.8) 6.54
 Very involved 420 (41.9) 112 (37.8) 308 (43.8)  
 Somewhat involved 127 (12.7) 45 (15.2) 81 (11.5)  
 Not very involved 16 (1.6) 4 (1.4) 12 (1.7)  
 Not at all involved 5 (0.5) 3 (1.0) 2 (0.3)  
  1. ***p < .001, **p < .01, *p < .05; all data and analyses adjusted for sampling weights