Skip to main content

Table 5 Random and fixed estimates for interaction effects of food insecurity with time on the adolescents self-rated health status, Jimma Longitudinal Family Survey of Youth, Southwest Ethiopia

From: The effect of food insecurity on health status of adolescents in Ethiopia: longitudinal study

Variables Random intercepts estimates Fixed effect estimates
Random effects estimates β SE B SE
Food insecurity 0.846** 0.224 1.035** 0.272
Time 0.712** 0.068 0.682** 0.095
Food insecurity*time −0.228* 0.103 −0.235* 0.126
Age14–17 0.065 0.104 −0.084 0.163
Age18–22 −0.090 0.166 −0.276 0.283
Education-Elementary −0.366** 0.113 −0.123 0.180
Education-Secondary and above −0.483** 0.130 −0.082 0.249
Risk factors 0.104* 0.049 0.065 0.066
Someone smoke in the Household 0.334** 0.117 0.155 0.164
Underweight −0.034 0.084 −0.069 0.122
Overweight −0.588 0.328 −0.509 0.422
Physical health (Illness) 0.466** 0.089 0.222* 0.110
Head of the HH (Female) 0.043 0.111   
Gender (female) 0.178* 0.083   
Parent Education (Primary) −0.076 0.115   
Parent education (Secondary & above) −0.123 0.116   
Wealth index −0.044 0.063   
Rural −0.156* 0.041   
Religiosity index −0.154** 0.042   
Chronic food insecure HH −0.127 0.089   
Diet diversity −0.046 0.041   
Social support 0.060 0.043   
_Cons −2.254 0.225   
Variance (_Cons) 0.859 0.136   
ICC 20.7 0.026   
  1. FI Food Insecurity, SE Standard Error, HH Households, Cons Constant, ICC Intra Cluster Correlation
  2. *P < =0.05, **P < 0.001