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Table 1 Descriptive Statistics for the UK Longitudinal Household Survey, Data Sample

From: A cross-sectional analysis of green space prevalence and mental wellbeing in England

   All UKLHS Observations Urban Only Rural Only p for urban/rural differences
Variable Value n mean (sd)/% mean (sd)/% mean (sd)/%
Individuals   30,900   25,547 5353  
Green space proportion   30,900 0.42 (0.30) 0.33 (0.24) 0.82(0.19) <0.001
SWEMWBS   30,900 25.2(4.5) 25.1(4.6) 25.6(4.3) <0.001
Sex Male 13,679 44.3 45.8 44.0 0.701
Female 17,221 55.7 54.2 56.0 0.701
Age 16–24 4421 14.3 15.2 10.0 <0.001
25–34 5199 16.8 18.2 10.2 <0.001
35–44 6145 17.5 20.4 17.3 <0.001
45–54 5395 17.5 17.2 18.6 0.140
55–64 4597 14.9 13.8 20.1 <0.001
65+ 5143 16.6 15.2 23.7 <0.001
Marital Status Single 9800 31.7 33.8 21.8 <0.001
Married 15,810 51.2 49.4 59.5 <0.001
Post Marriage 5278 17.1 16.7 18.7 0.001
Ethnicity White, British 23,997 77.7 73.8 96.1 <0.001
White, Other 1151 3.7 4.0 2.5 <0.001
Black 1863 6.0 7.2 0.2 <0.001
South Asian 2670 8.6 10.4 0.4 <0.001
Other 1193 3.9 4.5 0.7 <0.001
Health Conditions Total number of clinically diagnosed serious conditions 30,900 0.5(0.9) 0.5(0.9) 0.6(0.9) <0.001
Employment Unemployed 1960 6.3 7.0 3.4 <0.001
Employed 16,993 55.0 55.0 54.9 0.866
Economically Inactive 11,947 38.7 38.0 41.6 <0.001
Income, Quintiles (mean) 1st 6180 £6385 18.6 13.5 <0.001
2nd 6180 £11,241 19.8 17.6 <0.001
3rd 6180 £15,085 20.4 20.2 0.693
4th 6180 £20,059 20.9 22.0 0.550
5th 6180 £36,127 20.3 26.6 <0.001
Household Space <1 rooms per person 9622 31.1 33.2 21.3 <0.001
1–3 rooms per person 20,917 67.7 65.8 76.6 <0.001
>3 rooms per person 1749 5.7 5.4 7.1 <0.001
Living Alone   4504 14.6 14.8 13.7 0.032
Living with Children   10,822 35.0 36.4 28.5 <0.001
Housing Tenure Own Home 20,849 67.5 65.6 76.4 <0.001
Commuting <15mins 6392 20.7 20.9 19.8 0.064
15–30 min 4760 15.4 15.7 14.2 0.004
30–50 min 2107 6.8 6.9 6.3 0.065
>50mins 1757 5.7 6.0 4.1 <0.001
IMD Continuous 30,900 22.2(15.6) 24.1(16.2) 13.5(7.6) <0.001