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Table 3 The consumption of water from water and beverages and from food moisture by children in the NDNS sample (n = 845) by age group, gender, and socio-demographic group. The data are means and standard deviations (Std)

From: Water and beverage consumption patterns among 4 to 13-year-old children in the United Kingdom

  Water Total Water + Beverage Food moisture
N Mean Std1 Mean Std1 Mean Std1
All 845 1338.2 400.6 901.2 355.8 437.0 133.0
Age (years)
 4-8 436 1278.5 350.8 845.9 304.2 432.6 126.5
 9-13 409 1396.3 439.7 955.0 396.1 441.3 139.5
   <0.0001 <0.0001 0.4122
Gender
 Boys 430 1359.4 390.2 913.6 347.4 445.7 135.2
 Girls 415 1316.0 410.3 888.1 364.3 427.9 130.1
   0.1548 0.3352 0.0618
Quartiles of IUC
 Q1 (poorer) 148 1216.0 366.0 812.0 321.0 404.0 137.5
 Q2 186 1372.5 431.3 940.7 390.5 431.7 133.4
 Q3 215 1358.5 380.6 913.5 327.8 445.0 133.5
 Q4 (richer) 197 1431.7 417.4 966.5 382.3 465.2 122.9
   <0.0001 abc 0.0002 ac 0.0015 c
Season
 Winter 230 1305.8 359.8 868.8 303.2 436.9 122.7
 Spring 233 1376.8 409.9 944.2 371.7 432.5 131.3
 Summer 207 1368.0 407.6 926.3 364.7 441.6 138.5
 Fall 175 1289.7 424.5 851.8 379.5 438.0 142.2
   0.0836 0.0337 0.9305
BMI
 Under/normal 607 1330.6 409.5 891.3 359.5 439.3 135.1
 Over/obese 204 1356.7 368.9 929.4 343.8 427.3 127.8
   0.4514 0.2110 0.2944
Ethnic group
 White 723 1358.1 391.5 918.6 347.8 439.4 132.9
 Non white 122 1237.2 436.4 812.6 387.7 424.6 133.2
   0.0063 0.0088 0.2559
Region
 England: North 201 1313.2 365.2 880.4 316.2 432.9 129.3
 England: Central/Midlands 142 1360.4 418.6 915.8 365.0 444.7 122.7
 England: South (incl. London) 355 1323.0 411.0 889.6 370.7 433.3 132.2
 Scotland,Wales, Northern Ireland 147 1395.8 401.2 949.8 360.2 446.0 149.0
   0.2906 0.3254 0.7449
  1. aSignificant two by two differences: Q2 vs Q1
  2. bSignificant two by two differences: Q3 vs Q1
  3. cSignificant two by two differences: Q4 vs Q1
  4. 1Std: Standard Deviation
  5. Comparisons between two means were either significant (bold) or not