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Table 2 Appropriate treatment overall, RDT-positive and RDT-negative results

From: Use of malaria RDTs in various health contexts across sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

Author Year Appropriate Treatment (%) Positives Treated (%) Negatives Not Treated (%)
Formal Health Care Sector
 Bastiaens 2011 90.4% 100.0% 90.0%
 Batwala 2011 88.5% 100.0% 76.6%
 Bisoffi 2009 60.7% 97.7% 19.0%
 Bottieau 2013 93.4% 95.1% 92.8%
 Chinkhumba 2010 86.9% 98.0% 57.9%
 Cundill 2015 91.4% 80.3% 95.1%
 Hamer 2007 78.7% 96.6% 64.5%
 Masanja 2010 95.9% 95.8% 96.0%
 Mbacham a 2014 56.1% 72.1% 48.1%
 Mbacham b 2014 70.8% 72.9% 69.4%
 Nicastri 2009 66.4% 55.6% 67.0%
 Reyburn 2007 54.4% 98.9% 46.3%
 Shakely 2013 99.9% 100.0% 99.9%
 Skarbinski 2009 88.0% 92.9% 87.2%
 Uzochukwu 2011 60.0% 100.0% 25.9%
Retail Sector
 Ansah 2015 97.7% 99.5% 93.8%
 Awor 2015 91.1% 93.5% 82.8%
 Cohen 2015 80.0% 83.3% 56.3%
 Ikwuobe 2013 55.4% 100.0% 48.4%
 Mbonye 2015 98.8% 99.0% 98.5%
Community Health Workers
 Chanda 2011 98.4% 98.4% 98.4%
 Hamainza 2014 83.2% 61.6% 98.0%
 Hamer 2012 99.3% 98.5% 99.6%
 Mubi 2011 96.8% 99.7% 93.9%
 Mukanga 2011 96.7% 96.5% 97.5%
 Mukanga 2012 99.1% 99.9% 95.1%
 Thiam 2012 - 96.6% -
  1. ‘a’ denotes appropriate treatment for clinicians in the basic intervention group of the Mbacham study; ‘b’ denotes appropriate treatment for clinicians in the enhanced intervention group of the Mbacham study [80]. Thiam and colleagues did not report the number of negatives not treated, making the calculation of the total amount of appropriate treatment inappropriate [84]