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Table 3 Characteristics associated with whether non-smokers reported they support government including pictures as part of the health warning labels (N = 1324)

From: Noticing cigarette health warnings and support for new health warnings among non-smokers in China: findings from the International Tobacco Control project (ITC) China survey

  N Support pictures (%) p OR 95% CI
City
 Beijing 202 73.59% ref ref ref
 Shenyang 187 82.59% 0.170 1.77 0.78–4.05
 Shanghai 196 70.22% 0.702 0.84 0.33–2.12
 Changsha 180 90.86% 0.013a 3.22 1.28–8.07
 Guangzhou 191 82.15% 0.159 1.69 0.81–3.50
 Kunming 180 87.05% 0.039a 2.42 1.05–5.60
 Yinchuan 188 76.07% 0.704 1.14 0.58–2.25
Ethnicity
 Others 97 75.46% ref ref ref
 Han nationality 1227 80.48% 0.155 1.62 0.83–3.17
Gender
 Male 495 78.65% ref ref ref
 Female 829 81.29% 0.555 0.90 0.64–1.27
Age (years)
 18–39 248 86.67% ref ref ref
 40–54 438 83.03% 0.899 0.97 0.56–1.65
 55+ 638 76.34% 0.145 0.71 0.44–1.13
Household Income per month (yuan)
 Low/Medium 487 80.19% ref ref ref
 High 837 80.14% 0.440 1.19 0.77–1.84
Education
 Low/Medium 894 79.40% ref ref ref
 High 430 81.99% 0.767 0.94 0.64–1.39
Smoking spouse/partner
 No smoking spouse/partner 721 77.46% ref ref ref
 Have smoking spouse/partner 415 87.97% 0.005a 2.03 1.24–3.33
 No spouse/partner 188 78.07% 0.793 1.07 1.04–3.86
Noticed warning labels in last month
 Less than Often 1152 78.75% ref ref ref
 Often 172 90.33% 0.039a 2.00 1.04–3.86
Number of smoking friends
 0 409 78.85% ref ref ref
 1 238 78.84% 0.719 0.89 0.47–1.69
 2 264 80.35% 0.643 0.88 0.49–1.55
 3 232 81.11% 0.818 1.07 0.60–1.92
 4 69 81.25% 0.748 1.14 0.50–2.62
 5 112 84.17% 0.885 0.94 0.38–2.29
Surveyed before/after new HWLs apply
 Before 1100 79.88% ref ref ref
 After 224 81.31% 0.362 0.80 0.50–1.29
  1. CI, Confidence interval; Significant levels are indicated as follows: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.001,***p < 0.0001
  2. OR, Odd Ratio of supporting government including pictures as part of health warnings (0, refused/don’t know/neither support nor oppose/oppose/strongly oppose; 1, support/strongly support)
  3. Survey before/after new HWLs apply, Before (before 01/04/2012); After (after 01/04/2012)
  4. Support for including pictures, Respondents who reported they support government should include pictures as part of health warning labels
  5. aThe percentage are weighted and the frequencies are unweighted