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Table 2 Association between CVD a -related knowledge and perception among participating adolescent school-students of Kolkata (N = 1652)

From: Exercise and eating habits among urban adolescents: a cross-sectional study in Kolkata, India

Level of knowledge regarding Categories Perception
Regarding body size (Reference = Normal) Regarding future risk of CVD (Reference = No) Regarding general health (Reference = Good)
Underweight Overweight Yes Average Poor
AOR b (95%CI c) p Value AOR b (95%CI c) p Value AOR b (95%CI c) p Value AOR b (95%CI c) p Value AOR b (95%CI c) p Value
CVD (Reference = Poor) Average 1.44(0.96–2.17) 0.077 1.25(0.89–1.76) 0.206 1.35(0.92–1.97) 0.124 0.96(0.71–1.30) 0.780 1.13(0.58–2.18) 0.717
Good 1.20(0.75–1.90) 0.449 1.15(0.79–1.69) 0.462 1.59(1.05–2.39) 0.027 0.90(0.64–1.27) 0.557 0.57(0.23–1.39) 0.216
Blood pressure and its abnormalities (Reference = Poor) Average 1.12(0.76–1.65) 0.560 0.99(0.71–1.37) 0.946 1.14(0.80–1.62) 0.483 0.66(0.49–0.89) 0.006 0.61(0.30–1.24) 0.171
Good 1.18(0.68–2.06) 0.552 1.09(0.68–1.73) 0.733 1.39(0.86–2.26) 0.181 0.77(0.50–1.18) 0.226 0.77(0.28–2.08) 0.604
Risk factors for CVD (Reference = Poor) Average 0.94(0.62–1.42) 0.780 1.16(0.82–1.64) 0.407 2.06(1.37–3.11) 0.001 1.04(0.76–1.42) 0.799 1.20(0.60–2.42) 0.605
Good 1.28(0.81–2.03) 0.293 1.30(0.89–1.91) 0.179 2.51(1.64–3.85) <0.001 1.26(0.89–1.78) 0.188 0.99(0.44–2.24) 0.983
Prevention of CVD (Reference = Poor) Average 1.40(0.95–2.07) 0.093 1.25(0.90–1.73) 0.184 1.83(1.27–2.63) 0.001 1.05(0.78–1.42) 0.727 1.35(0.68–2.65) 0.391
Good 0.97(0.56–1.69) 0.918 0.80(0.50–1.26) 0.336 2.13(1.35–3.35) 0.001 1.04(0.70–1.56) 0.839 1.40(0.58–3.37) 0.458
Healthy nutritional habits (Reference = Poor) Average 1.05(0.70–1.59) 0.804 1.16(0.82–1.63) 0.399 1.31(0.90–1.90) 0.164 0.93(0.69–1.26) 0.644 1.30(0.64–2.65) 0.468
Good 1.02(0.62–1.68) 0.940 1.07(0.71–1.61) 0.757 1.85(1.22–2.81) 0.004 0.78(0.53–1.14) 0.192 1.45(0.65–3.21) 0.365
CVD and their prevention (Overall) (Reference = Poor) Average 0.90(0.60–1.34) 0.586 1.22(0.87–1.70) 0.252 2.02(1.36–3.00) 0.001 0.92(0.68–1.24) 0.577 1.34(0.67–2.71) 0.410
Good 1.09(0.66–1.81) 0.729 1.13(0.74–1.74) 0.571 2.83(1.80–4.47) <0.001 0.95(0.65–1.40) 0.802 1.44(0.61–3.43) 0.410
  1. a CVD Cardio-vascular diseases
  2. b AOR Adjusted odds ratio (adjusted for: age, gender, socio-economic status and family history)
  3. c CI Confidence intervals
  4. Bolfaced figures indicate statistically significant results where p value was <0.05