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Table 2 Logistic regression modeling for ‘Stay active’ outcome (n = 9443)

From: Associations between measures of socio-economic status, beliefs about back pain, and exposure to a mass media campaign to improve back beliefs

  Univariable associations Multivariable associations
Variable OR 95%-CI p-value Included in multivariable model OR 95%-CI p-value
Age     Yes    
 18–24 (reference) 1   0.12   1   0.29
 25–34 1.49 1.49–1.49 <0.001   1.08 0.69–1.70 0.74
 35–39 1.88 1.88–1.89 <0.001   1.02 0.63–1.65 0.94
 40–44 2.08 2.08–2.08 <0.001   1.24 0.77–2.00 0.38
 45–54 1.92 1.92–1.92 <0.001   1.23 0.79–1.91 0.37
 55–64 2.08 2.07–2.08 <0.001   1.27 0.81–1.98 0.30
 65+ 1.80 1.80–1.81 <0.001   1.47 0.93–2.31 0.10
Region     No    
 Urban (reference) 1       
 Rural 1.00 0.91–1.09 0.92     
Language     Noa    
 English/French (reference) 1       
 Other 0.78 0.63–0.98 0.03     
N people in household 0.97 0.94–1.02 0.22 No    
Educational level     Yes    
 High School Diploma or Lower (reference) 1   <0.001   1   0.61
 College or Technical Training 1.23 1.12–1.37 <0.001   1.08 0.89–1.30 0.44
 University Education 1.25 1.12–1.40 <0.001   1.11 0.90–1.36 0.35
Employment     Yes    
 Employed full-time or part-time (reference) 1     1   
 Other (Homemaker/Retired/Unemployed/Student) 0.88 0.78–1.00 0.05   0.89 0.75–1.06 0.20
Occupation     No    
 Manual workers (reference) 1   0.19     
 Office workers 1.14 0.95–1.36 0.16     
 Sales & Services workers 1.00 0.82–1.23 1.00     
 Professional, Science & Technology workers 1.10 0.92–1.31 0.29     
 Other (Homemaker/Student/Retired/Unemployed) 1.00 0.85–1.16 0.95     
Marital status     Yes    
 Single (reference) 1   <0.001   1   0.42
 Married/Common Law Union 1.34 1.20–1.51 <0.001   1.47 0.90–1.47 0.28
 Other (Divorced/Separated/Widowed) 1.31 1.13–1.53 <0.001   1.21 0.90–1.63 0.21
Income category     Yes    
 $19.999 or less (reference) 1   <0.001   1   0.005
 $20.000–$39.999 1.16 0.92–1.45 0.21   1.04 0.73–1.48 0.84
 $40.000–$59.999 1.24 1.00–1.55 0.05   1.13 0.79–1.62 0.51
 $60.000–$79.999 1.22 0.98–1.53 0.08   1.18 0.81–1.72 0.38
 $80.000–$99.999 1.41 1.12–1.78 0.004   1.11 0.75–1.64 0.60
 $100.000 or more 1.66 1.34–2.05 <0.001   1.62 1.12–2.34 0.01
  1. aNot sufficient cases to run in multivariable model; Bold indicates statistically significant at p > 0.05; Hosmer-Lemeshow p = 0.16