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Table 1 Percentage population covered by smokefree space area policies, by subgroups

From: RETRACTED ARTICLE: Inequities in coverage of smokefree space policies within the United States

  Has any policy Restaurants Workplaces Playgrounds School grounds Both playgrounds and school grounds Indoor public spaces generally
Ethnicity - Total population
Total 68 64 66 28 18 9 50
 Asian 82 80 81 51 21 13 55
 Black 56 55 55 22 18 10 48
 Hispanic 68 64 67 40 16 9 38
 White 68 64 66 23 18 8 53
 Other 77 74 76 44 19 12 46
Ethnicity - Children <15y
Total 68 64 a 28 17 8 49
 Asian 80 78 48 21 12 56
 Black 58 55 21 18 10 49
 Hispanic 69 65 38 15 7 38
 White 67 64 22 18 8 53
 Other 77 74 43 18 11 46
Incomeb
  < $25,000 65 62 63 22 17 8 51
 $25,000 - $75,000 67 63 65 23 17 8 52
  > $75,000 71 67 69 29 20 10 62
Educational Attainmentb
 No high school diploma 67 65 67 12 19 7 61
 High school diploma 65 62 64 22 18 9 52
 Bachelors 70 66 69 28 20 10 53
 Masters or Doctorate 71 67 69 29 21 11 55
Region - Total population
 AK/HI 72 72 72 11 ~0 ~0 71
 Midwest 92 92 92 7 6 1 92
 Northeast 67 63 65 43 51 39 61
 Southeast 37 33 32 8 10 1 31
 Southwest 43 40 42 3 ~0 ~0 21
 West 98 91 98 66 20 2 44
  1. p-values calculated using Pearson’s Χ 2 statistic - all differences p < 0.001
  2. anot calculated as less relevant for children
  3. bcalculated for the population over 25 years old