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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of ISCOLE participants stratified by study site and sex (n = 6808)

From: Socioeconomic status and dietary patterns in children from around the world: different associations by levels of country human development?

Country (site) n Age (years) HDP score UDP score BMI z-score
Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
Australia (Adelaide) 236 272 10.4 (0.5) 10.3 (0.6) 0.18(1.0) 0.26 (0.9) −0.26 (0.7) −0.30 (0.7) 0.6 (1.1) 0.6 (1.1)
Canada (Ottawa) 230 321 10.0 (0.4) 10.0 (0.4) 0.44(1.0) 0.51 (1.0) −0.40 (0.7) −0.55 (0.5) 0.6 (1.2) 0.3 (1.2)
Finland (Helsinki, Espoo and Vantaa) 235 260 10.0 (0.5) 10.0 (0.4) −0.18 (0.9) −0.11 (0.9) −0.49 (0.4) −0.63 (0.4) 0.3 (1.1) 0.2 (1.0)
USA (Baton Rouge) 254 334 9.6 (0.7) 9.5 (0.6) −0.06 (1.2) −0.14 (1.1) 0.93 (1.5) 0.72(1.4) 0.9 (1.4) 0.7 (1.3)
Portugal (Porto) 294 373 10.0 (0.2) 10.0 (0.3) 0.10(1.0) 0.29(1.0) −0.17(0.8) −0.45 (0.5) 1.0 (1.2) 0.8 (1.1)
United Kingdom (Bath and North East Somerset) 208 257 10.4 (0.5) 10.4 (0.5) 0.02 (0.9) −0.02 (0.9) −0.09 (0.8) −0.22 (0.6) 0.4 (1.1) 0.4 (1.2)
Brazil (Sau Paulo) 245 256 10.0 (0.5) 10.0 (0.5) −0.35 (1.1) −0.45 (1.0) 0.28 (1.1) −0.02 (0.9) 1.0 (1.5) 0.8 (1.3)
Colombia (Bogota) 454 460 10.0 (0.6) 10.0 (0.7) −0.48 (0.7) −0.44 (0.7) −0.04 (0.6) −0.12 (0.5) 0.3 (1.1) 0.1 (1.0)
China (Tianjin) 288 254 9.4 (0.5) 9.4 (0.5) 0.04(1.0) 0.11 (0.9) −0.11 (1.0) −0.35 (0.8) 1.1 (1.6) 0.3 (1.3)
South Africa (Cape Town) 167 256 9.9 (0.8) 9.7 (0.7) 0.12(1.0) 0.33 (1.1) 1.33 (1.3) 1.08(1.2) 0.2 (1.2) 0.3 (1.3)
India (Bangalore) 282 320 10.0 (0.6) 10.0 (0.5) −0.06 (1.0) −0.07 (0.9) 0.03 (0.9) −0.22 (0.8) 0.2 (1.5) 0.3 (1.3)
Kenya (Nairobi) 257 295 9.7 (0.7) 9.8 (0.7) 0.23(1.0) 0.30(1.0) 0.10 (1.1) 0.24(1.0) 0.1 (1.3) 0.0 (1.2)
All sites 3150 3658 10.0 (0.6) 9.9 (0.6) −0.04 (1.0) 0.03(1.0) 0.06 (1.0) −0.08 (1.0) 0.6 (1.3) 0.4 (1.2)
  1. Abbreviations: ISCOLE International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment, HDP healthy diet pattern, UDP unhealthy diet pattern, BMI body mass index