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Table 1 Baseline sociodemographic characteristics of uninsured children and their parents (N = 237)

From: The health and healthcare impact of providing insurance coverage to uninsured children: A prospective observational study

Characteristic Mean or Proportion (N = 237)
Mean age of child, years (range) 7.3 (1–18)
Gender of child
 Male 119 (50%)
 Female 118 (50%)
Race/ethnicity of child
 Latino/Hispanic 155 (65%)
 African-American/black 82 (35%)
Child born in US 230 (97%)
Child has special healthcare needs 139 (59%)
Child ever had health insurance before 224 (95%)
Type of insurance uninsured child had in past
 Medicaid 169 (75%)
 CHIP 30 (13%)
 Private 24 (11%)
 Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Sociala 1 (0.5%)
Median no. of months child has been uninsured (IPR95 b) 6 (1, 108)
Gender of primary caregiver
 Male 10 (4%)
 Female 227 (96%)
Primary caregiver’s relationship to child
 Biological mother 215 (91%)
 Biological father 8 (3%)
 Other 14 (6%)
Race/ethnicity of primary caregiver
 Latino/Hispanic 151 (64%)
 African-American/black 80 (34%)
 White 6 (2%)
Primary caregiver’s educational attainment
 Not high-school graduate 150 (64%)
 High-school graduate or at least some college 87 (36%)
Primary caregiver born in US 114 (48%)
Marital status of primary caregiver
 Married, living with spouse 86 (36%)
 Single 49 (21%)
 Married, separated from spouse 34 (14%)
 Living with partner 22 (9%)
 Common-law marriage 21 (9%)
 Divorced 20 (8%)
 Widowed 5 (2%)
Primary caregiver unemployed 130 (55%)
Primary caregiver has limited English proficiency 111 (47%)
Primary caregiver has health insurance 54 (26%)
Type of health insurance primary caregiver has
 Private 23 (43%)
 Public 27 (52%)
 Other 4 (5%)
Primary caregiver’s health status
 Excellent 32 (16%)
 Very good 47 (23%)
 Good 79 (39%)
 Fair 38 (19%)
 Poor 9 (4%)
Number of children in household
 1 67 (28%)
 2 81 (34%)
  ≥ 3 89 (38%)
Number of adults in household
 1 71 (30%)
 2 97 (41%)
  ≥ 3 69 (29%)
Mean combined annual family income, range $22,060 ($0, $64,000)
Primary caregiver aware of child’s eligibility for Medicaid or CHIP 119 (52%)
  1. aPublic health insurance in Mexico
  2. bIPR95 denotes inner 95th percentile range