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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics, alcohol use and sexual behaviours of men and women in inner-city Johannesburg

From: Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviour among men and women in inner-city Johannesburg, South Africa

  Men (N = 1465) Women (N = 991) P
  Number % Number %  
Age group (years)
 18–24 560 38.5 360 36.3  
 25–34 681 46.8 419 42.3  
  ≥ 35 215 14.8 212 21.4 <0.001
Place of birth
 Gauteng 9 0.6 45 4.6  
 KwaZulu Natal 1353 94.3 747 75.5  
 Other provinces 72 5.0 187 18.9  
 Outside South Africa 1 0.1 10 1.0 <0.001
Completed secondary school
 Yes 473 32.9 224 22.6 <0.001
Married
 Yes 201 14.0 71 7.2 <0.001
Employed
 Yes 631 43.9 236 23.8 <0.001
Income per month (USD)
 0–9 661 46.2 580 58.9  
 10–99 225 15.7 246 25.0  
 100–199 178 12.4 106 10.8  
  ≥ 200 368 25.7 53 5.4 <0.001
Currently smoke 666 46.4 63 6.4 <0.001
Current alcohol usea 686 47.7 124 12.5 <0.001
Frequency of drinking
 None in past week 1036 75.3 912 93.7  
 Once a week 173 12.6 31 3.2  
 Several days a week 54 3.9 14 1.4  
 Daily 113 8.2 16 1.6 <0.001
Drinking volume in past weekb
 None in past week 1037 75.9 912 93.9  
 Moderate drinking 108 7.9 14 1.4  
 Problem drinking 59 4.3 11 1.1  
 Heavy drinking 163 11.9 34 3.5 <0.001
Having felt drunk in past week
 Not a current drinker 752 55.1 858 87.4  
 No, but are current drinkers 472 34.6 90 9.2  
 Yes, felt drunk 141 10.3 34 3.5 <0.001
Ever sex under influence of alcohol 537 37.5 73 7.4 <0.001
Sexual risk behaviors
 Condom use last sex 293 21.4 224 23.0 0.37
 Concurrent partners 670 48.1 56 5.7 <0.001
 Transactional sex 207 14.7 68 7.0 <0.001
 Sexual violencec 98 7.0 165 16.8 <0.001
  1. aRespondents who say they drink alcohol. bModerate drinking: men: 1–14 drinks, women: 1–7 drinks; Problem drinking: men 15–21 drinks, women: 8–14 drinks; Heavy drinking: men >21 drinks, women >14 drinks. 1 USD = 6 South Africa Rand. Totals vary due to missing data. cMen who used physical force to have sex and women having been forced to have sex. P values compare the distribution in men and women, and are based on chi-square tests