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Table 2 Prevalence of mental health indicators and other outcome measures, by gender within each city

From: Intersections between polyvictimisation and mental health among adolescents in five urban disadvantaged settings: the role of gender

Mental health and other outcome measures Baltimore
W%, n
Delhi
W%, n
Ibadan
W%, n
Johannesburg
W%, n
Shanghai
W%, n
Male
N = 276
Female
N = 195
P Male
N = 250
Female
N = 250
P Male
N = 233
Female
N = 232
P Male
N = 273
Female
N = 224
P Male
N = 235
Female
N = 220
P
Poor or fair health 4.1, 11 10.1, 18 <0.001 9.7, 26 15.4, 38 0.31 4.4, 10 3.2, 8 0.16 13.8, 36 11.0, 23 0.30 5.2, 16 16.8, 29 0.08
Posttraumatic stress
 Scores ≥13a 26.5,71 30.6,65 0.46 17.4,30 27.4,75 0.01 27.9,55 22.2,53 0.34 47.6131 58.5134 0.15 22.2,50 30.5,61 <0.001
Depression
 Scores ≥11b 32.4,79 27.3,60 0.06 20.7, 49 14.5, 46 0.21 28.9, 56 40.2, 73 <0.001 37.2106 46.1, 94 0.04 27.1,50 33.5, 74 0.01
Suicide
 Suicidal thoughts 16.0,46 26.9,45 0.04 14.0,33 8.0,22 0.08 23.8,43 19.0,47 0.63 32.7,77 39.3,86 0.19 19.4,29 37.6,63 <0.001
 Plans 6.4,24 13.9, 26 0.09 4.0,9 2.7,6 0.11 18.4,34 14.2,34 0.54 19.5,40 24.6,49 0.33 6.0,8 11.2,21 0.01
 Attempts 4.8,23 7.4,14 0.07 4.1,8 1.8,5 0.12 18.9,31 14.1,33 0.59 11.9,26 10.1,29 0.20 2.5, 3 6.0,11 <0.001
Alcohol use N = 70 N = 52   N = 9 N = 1   N = 36 N = 18   N = 169 N = 87   N = 142 N = 97  
Heavy alcohol use 48.2,35 41.1,20 0.54 4.9, 1 0.0, 0 0.83 61.0, 16 10.8, 2 0.01 55.6,91 38.0, 38 0.04 42.1,67 42.3,37 0.99
Sought mental health services in past 12 months 1.2, 4 2.8,7 0.01 1.6, 3 1.4, 4 0.04 0.8, 1 0.0, 0 0.14 0.2, 1 0.3, 2 0.04 1.8, 3 0.6, 2 0.01
  1. W% weighted percentage, n number of cases, N sample size
  2. aPosttraumatic stress disorder checklist-civilian version used for diagnosing posttraumatic stress
  3. bThe short 10-item version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Heavy alcohol use assessed among current drinkers