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Table 3 Association between demographics and behavioural factors with contraceptive use other than condoms and having child dependents among sex workers in Johannesburg and Pretoria

From: Sexual and reproductive health outcomes among female sex workers in Johannesburg and Pretoria, South Africa: Recommendations for public health programmes

  USE MODERN CONTRACEPTION NO CHILD DEPENDENTS
N = 1422
N = 408 PTA
JHB
N (%)
  PTA
N (%)
Multivariate
analysis
AOR (95% CI)
JHB
N (%)
Multivariate
analysis OR (95% CI)
PTA
N (%)
Multivariate
analysis AOR (95% CI)
SOCIO DEMOGRAPHICS
Age at 1st visit
<25
25–29
30–34
>35
40 (11.8)
73 (14.1)
50 (13.6)
24 (12.2)
  7 (16.3)
14 (15.2)
18 (14.1)
22 (15.6)
  104 (31.4)***
98 (19.1)
54 (14.9)
25 (12.9)
1.0
0.9 (0.7–1.2)
0.6 (0.4–0.9)
0.5 (0.3–0.9)
14 (35.0)**
11 (12.1)
16 (12.8)
20 (14.3)
1.0
0.7 (0.3–1.4)
0.7 (0.4–1.4)
0.9 (0.5–1.6)
Education
Primary
Grade 8–10
Grade 11–12
Tertiary level
5 (10.9)
71 (14.5)
97 (12.0)
11 (15.7)
  7 (11.5)
25 (13.9)
25 (17.1)
3 (15.8)
  11 (23.9)**
107 (22.2)
140 (17.6)
20 (28.6)
1.0
1.2 (0.9–1.6)
0.7 (0.5–0.9)
1.7 (0.9–2.9)
10 (16.7)
23 (13.0)
25 (17.5)
3 (15.8)
 
Main partner
No
Yes
106 (14.5)
81 (11.7)
  29 (15.7)
33 (14.9)
  149 (20.6)
132 (19.4)
  23 (12.9)
38 (17.4)
 
>1 child lives with sex worker
0
≥1
239 (19.7)
42 (22.6)
  45 (14.7)
17 (16.8)
  117 (11.0)
23 (14.1)
  61 (20.5)***
0 (0.0)
1.0
0 (0–0.1)
Adult dependents
0
1–2
≥3
32 (17.9)**
85 (11.1)
68 (14.9)
1.0
0.7 (0.5–0.9)
1.2 (0.9–1.7)
4 (10.3)
30 (14.4)
22 (14.4)
  63 (35.2)***
132 (17.3)
86 (18.9)
1.0
0.7 (0.5–0.9)
0.9 (0.7–1.2)
11 (28.2)**
31 (15.0)
19 (12.5)
1.0
0.9 (0.5–1.7)
0.7 (0.4–1.3)
Country of birth
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other
69 (11.3)**
77 (12.4)
41 (21.5)
1.0
1.5 (1.0–2.3)
1.2 (0.9–1.7)
36 (15.4)
25 (15.4)
1 (8.3)
  130 (21.8)**
106 (17.2)
45 (23.9)
1.0
0.7 (0.5–1.0)
1.3 (0.9–1.9)
41 (17.9)**
16 (10.1)
4 (36.4)
1.0
0.5 (0.3–0.9)
2.5 (0.4–11.3)
BEHAVIOURS
Alcohol use
No
Yes
44 (13.1)
122 (12.5)
  25(14.8)
32 (14.5)
  56 (16.8)
196 (20.4)
  20 (12.1)
39 (18.0)
 
Marijuana use
No
Yes
151 (12.4)
15 (16.3)
  54 (15.1)
3 (9.4)
  228 (18.9)**
24 (27.0)
1.0
1.6 (0.9–2.6)
49 (14.0)**
10 (31.3)
1.0
2.8 (1.1–6.6)
Years in sex work
<2
2–5
>5
72 (14.5)
37 (11.9)
20 (15.2)
  50 (16.8)
8 (11.3)
4 (10.5)
  100 (20.3)
59 (19.2)
29 (22.1)
  45 (15.6)
11 (15.5)
5 (13.2)
 
Sex encounters last 7 days
0–10
11–20
>20
62 (12.0)
56 (12.4)
48 (14.0)
  4 (9.8)
16 (22.2)
18 (17.1)
  102 (20.1)
84 (18.9)
65 (19.1)
  9 (22.0)
7 (10.3)
14 (13.9)
 
Main partner condom use
Every time
Never or sometimes
No main partner
26 (12.9)
44 (12.5)
117 (13.5)
  11 (19.0)
18 (12.0)
33 (16.5)
1.0
0.5 (0.3–1.0)
0.8 (0.4–1.7)
34 (17.2)
70 (20.5)
177 (20.6)
  12 (21.1)
26 (17.6)
23 (11.9)
 
Client condom use
Every time
Never or sometimes
160 (12.4)**
5 (38.5)
1.0
4.4 (1.1–15.5)
50 (13.9)
4 (17.4)
  246 (19.4)*
5 (38.5)
1.0
2.6 (0.7–9.1)
47 (13.4)**
8 (34.8)
1.0
3.5 (1.2–9.2)
Times moved in last year
0
1
>1
82 (11.3)***
78 (18.8)
27 (9.7)
1.0
1.9 (1.4–2.6)
0.7 (0.4–1.0)
53 (15.8)
8 (12.5)
1 (12.5)
  130 (18.2)
85 (20.6)
66 (24.2)
  52 (15.8)
9 (14.5)
0 (0.0)
 
Site receives services
Clinic
Hotel
Mobile van
14 (18.7)
138 (12.2)
18 (14.5)
  48 (14.6)
1 (50.0)
13 (16.9)
  15 (20.0)**
240 (21.6)
9 (7.6)
1.0
1.9 (1.2–3.2)
0.3 (0.1–0.6)
0 (0.0)
45 (13.9)
16 (21.6)
 
  1. ***P < 0.001 **P < 0.05 *P = 0.05–0.1
  2. Statistical tests compare distribution of outcomes in each site, does not compare sites
  3. AOR Adjusted odds ratio
  4. STI Sexually Transmitted Infection