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Table 1 Male characteristics by site – mean ± SD

From: Cardiovascular risk status of Afro-origin populations across the spectrum of economic development: findings from the Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study

  Ghana South Africa Jamaica Seychelles United States
Sample size 206 231 153 229 236
Age (y) 34.60 ± 6.73 33.71 ± 5.59 34.03 ± 5.94 36.50 ± 5.12 35.60 ± 6.23
Weight (kg) 63.57 ± 9.13 65.58 ± 13.58 73.15 ± 14.96 80.13 ± 15.98 92.77 ± 24.82
Height (cm) 168.99 ± 6.63 170.87 ± 6.34 176.02 ± 6.68 173.87 ± 6.16 176.57 ± 6.59
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 22.23 ± 2.68 22.44 ± 4.27 23.58 ± 4.47 26.47 ± 4.92 29.70 ± 7.53
Waist Circumference (cm) 77.04 ± 10.52 80.91 ± 11.47 80.28 ± 12.08 89.40 ± 11.77 97.16 ± 21.50
Hip Circumference (cm) 91.80 ± 10.85 94.59 ± 8.43 95.12 ± 9.28 102.74 ± 9.56 109.21 ± 15.89
Fat-free Mass (kg) 53.02 ± 5.11 50.63 ± 6.26 57.48 ± 6.93 59.64 ± 7.81 63.29 ± 9.71
Fat Mass (kg) 10.72 ± 5.25 14.96 ± 8.33 15.67 ± 9.19 20.75 ± 9.82 29.48 ± 16.56
% Body Fat 16.18 ± 5.83 21.66 ± 6.91 20.13 ± 7.43 24.67 ± 7.45 29.73 ± 9.01
Plasma Glucose (mg/dL) 100.92 ± 11.67 84.99 ± 13.82 95.35 ± 9.12 107.02 ± 37.20 105.79 ± 34.14
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 118.92 ± 13.06 128.96 ± 17.07 121.53 ± 12.84 122.63 ± 14.52 127.91 ± 14.55
Diastolic Blood pressure (mmHg) 68.50 ± 11.41 79.59 ± 13.11 71.22 ± 11.13 74.95 ± 11.39 81.04 ± 12.11
MVPA* (1-min bouts) 46.9 ± 24.6 55.5 ± 34.6 29.6 ± 23.3 35.9 ± 24.3 33.1 ± 34.7
Education (y) 9.21 ± 3.95 9.52 ± 2.57 10.64 ± 2.17 13.04 ± 2.33 12.73 ± 1.61
Employed, n (%) 180 (98.36%) 211 (92.10%) 199 (92.13%) 209 (98.12%) 190 (84.07%)
Manual Laborer, n (%) 108 (60.00%) 203 (90.63%) 120 (60.91%) 97 (54.49%) 136 (66.67%)
  1. *MPVA moderate vigorous physical activity by accelerometer