Skip to main content

Table 4 Nutrient Intakes among Mothers by Household Food Insecurity Status in Beirut, Lebanon, 2015 (n = 378)

From: Household food insecurity is associated with a higher burden of obesity and risk of dietary inadequacies among mothers in Beirut, Lebanon

  DRIs Intake/day Mean ± SE % Consuming (<2/3 DRIs) c OR d (95% CI)
Calcium (mg) 1000–1300 mg    
 Food Secure   532.6 ± 28.9 a 72.7 1.00
 Food Insecure   416.5 ± 22.7 b 83.8 1.82 (0.82–4.06)
Sodium (mg) 1200–1500 mg    
 Food Secure   1536.4 ± 71.5 35.8 1.00
 Food Insecure   1513.1 ± 78.0 38.2 0.96 (0.58–1.57)
Potassium (mg) 4700 mg    
 Food Secure   1777.0 ± 72.1 a 90.4 1.00
 Food Insecure   1503.6 ± 79.2 b 93.2 2.01 (1.23–3.29)
     0.005
Iron (mg) 8–18    
 Food Secure   8.8 ± 0.4 77.5 1.00
 Food Insecure   8.6 ± 0.5 77.5 0.70 (0.34–1.45)
Zinc (mg) 9–8 mg    
 Food Secure   5.5 ± 0.3 57.2 1.00
 Food Insecure   5.5 ± 0.3 61.8 0.89 (0.49–1.61)
Folate (μg) 400 μg    
 Food Secure   231.2 ± 15.1 71.1 1.00
 Food Insecure   192.0 ± 13.3 78.5 2.12 (1.04–4.33)
     0.038
Phosphorous (mg) 700–1250 mg    
 Food Secure   647.0 ± 25.0 33.7 1.00
 Food Insecure   585.6 ± 31.2 47.1 1.60 (0.93–2.76)
Magnesium (mg) 310–360 mg    
 Food Secure   187.8 ± 7.7 66.3 1.00
 Food Insecure   169.5 ± 9.6 78.5 1.32 (0.61–2.84)
Selenium (μg) 55 μg    
 Food Secure   55.1 ± 3.0 35.3 1.00
 Food Insecure   50.2 ± 2.5 40.8 1.00 (0.61–1.61)
Vitamin C (mg) 65-75 mg    
 Food Secure   66.9 ± 4.8 a 52.9 1.00
 Food Insecure   53.6 ± 4.7 b 67.0 1.59 (1.00–2.53)
     0.049
VitaminA (μg) 700 μg    
 Food Secure   571.8 ± 42.4 55.1 1.00
 Food Insecure   482.8 ± 40.7 63.9 1.24 (0.77–1.99)
Vitamin D(μg) 15–20 μg    
 Food Secure   0.8 ± 0.1 99.5 ---
 Food Insecure   0.8 ± 0.2 98.4 ---
Vitamin B1 mg 1.0–1.1 mg    
 Food Secure   0.8 ± 0.0 49.2 1.00
 Food Insecure   0.8 ± 0.0 55.8 1.58 (0.86–2.93)
VitaminB2 (mg) 1.0–1.1 mg    
 Food Secure   0.895 ± 0.04 43.8 1.00
 Food Insecure   0.829 ± 0.04 52.6 1.28 (0.75–2.20)
Vitamin B3 (mg) 14 mg    
 Food Secure   12.2 ± 0.7 47.3 1.00
 Food Insecure   10.7 ± 0.6 53.4 1.41 (0.84–2.39)
VitaminB6 (mg) 1.2–1.5    
 Food Secure   1.0 ± 0.0 50.8 1.00
 Food Insecure   0.9 ± 0.1 64.4 2.05 (1.15–3.65)
     0.015
Vitamin B12 (μg) 2.4μg    
 Food Secure   6.0 ± 2.6 66.8 1.00
 Food Insecure   4.6 ± 1.5 68.4 0.90 (0.55–1.48)
  1. a,b Values with different superscripts are significantly different p < 0.05 using T Test for comparison of mean intake per day and percentage of subjects consuming less than two thirds of the recommendations
  2. c Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) refers to the Recommended Daily Intake (RDA) and Adequate Intake (AI) for nutrients as recommended by the Institute of Medicine [45]
  3. d Odds ratio was adjusted for total daily energy intake