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Table 6 Multivariate analysis of risk factors for nutritional status of secondary school children

From: Nutritional status and correlated socio-economic factors among preschool and school children in plantation communities, Sri Lanka

Variables Underweight Stunting Wasting
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Individual Characteristics
 Female 1.16 (0.46–2.91) 0.752 1.75 (0.67–4.59) 0.256 0.75 (0.32–1.80) 0.525
 More than two siblings 2.13 (0.75–6.04) 0.156 1.13 (0.42–3.03) 0.814 1.15 (0.47–2.83) 0.758
 More than two birth Orde 0.45 (0.08–2.28) 0.332 1.07 (0.19–6.01) 0.935 3.92 (0.74–5.79) 0.109
 More than five family members 2.93 (1.15–7.41) 0.024* 0.75 (0.29–1.98) 0.566 1.93 (0.84–4.43) 0.122
Education and Employment status of parents
 Father completed secondary education or above 0.79 (0.33–1.89) 0.602 2.29 (0.94–5.58) 0.068 0.33 (0.15–0.76) 0.009*
 Mother completed secondary education or above 1.65 (0.65–4.18) 0.291 1.26 (0.52–3.05) 0.608 1.65 (0.65–4.18) 0.291
 Employed father 0.93 (0.33–2.63) 0.889 1.45 (0.55–3.87) 0.488 0.37 (0.14–0.99) 0.046
 Employed mother 0.79 (0.33–7.91) 0.090 1.95 (0.81–4.66) 0.136 1.11 (0.49–2.45) 0.805
Household Characteristics
 Attached house 1.24 (0.43–3.56) 0.689 0.65 (0.21–2.04) 0.462 1.39 (0.50–3.85) 0.531
 One/two rooms in a household 0.64 (0.28–1.43) 0.278 0.91 (0.39–2.09) 0.823 1.77 (0.82–3.84) 0.149
 Cement Floor 1.95 (0.76–4.98) 0.164 0.37 (0.09–1.47) 0.151 0.44 (0.16–1.21) 0.114
 Cement Wall 1.05 (0.37–2.96) 0.931 2.65 (0.97–6.98) 0.055 0.51 (0.18–1.45) 0.206
 Metal laminate Roof 0.57 (0.15–2.22) 0.415 1.14 (0.26–4.98) 0.855 1.46 (0.43–4.90) 0.542
 House own latrine 1.89 (0.75–4.74) 0.179 1.00 (0.41–2.45) 1.000 1.48 (0.64–3.41) 0.361
 Drinking treated water 1.15 (0.46–2.89) 0.764 1.27 (0.50–3.23) 0.613 1.25 (0.53–2.94) 0.604
 Less than Rs 20,000 monthly income (USD 133) 2.90 (1.05–8.06) 0.040* 1.32 (0.48–3.64) 0.587 0.72 (0.26–1.88) 0.704
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *Statistically significant association