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Table 5 Multivariate analysis of risk factors for nutritional status of primary school children

From: Nutritional status and correlated socio-economic factors among preschool and school children in plantation communities, Sri Lanka

Variables Underweight Stunting Wasting
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Individual Characteristics
 Female 0.71 (0.37–1.34) 0.287 0.45 (0.22–0.93) 0.031 1.25 (0.63–2.47) 0.525
 More than two Siblings 1.28 (0.61–2.69) 0.523 1.10 (0.48–2.51) 0.823 0.89 (0.40–1.96) 0.887
 More than two birth Order 1.43 (0.39–5.14) 0.590 2.46 (0.59–10.29) 0.216 2.71 (0.67–10.90) 0.160
 More than five family members 2.31 (1.13–4.74) 0.022* 1.57 (0.71–3.48) 0.263 0.78 (0.36–1.63) 0.492
Education and Employment status of parents
 Father completed secondary education or above 0.74 (0.38–1.45) 0.380 0.74 (0.36–1.52) 0.403 0.64 (0.32–1.32) 0.228
 Mother completed secondary education or above 1.32 (0.64–2.72) 0.448 0.69 (0.32–1.48) 0.341 0.33 (0.15–0.72) 0.005*
 Employed father 0.67 (0.23–1.94) 0.457 0.50 (0.17–1.47) 0.207 0.50 (0.15–1.64) 0.253
 Employed mother 2.03 (1.02–3.63) 0.045* 1.20 (0.57–2.56) 0.630 4.09 (1.86–9.00) 0.001*
Household Characteristics
 Attached house 1.57 (0.68–3.62) 0.287 2.22 (0.96–5.11) 0.062 0.56 (0.23–1.41) 0.217
 One/two Rooms in a household 2.15 (1.11–4.15) 0.023 1.26 (0.62–2.55) 0.517 1.56 (0.79–3.09) 0.200
 Cement Floor 1.07 (0.42–2.72) 0.892 1.42 (0.52–3.87) 0.502 0.85 (0.38–2.22) 0.578
 Cement Wall 1.96 (0.74–5.21) 0.178 1.30 (0.48–3.54) 0.605 1.99 (0.73–5.39) 0.174
 Metal laminate roof 0.59 (0.22–1.66) 0.323 0.86 (0.29–2.53) 0.789 0.41 (0.12–1.29) 0.128
 House own latrine 1.94 (0.99–3.81) 0.054 0.79 (0.36–1.52) 0.408 0.72 (0.35–1.41) 0.217
 Drinking treated water 1.14 (0.77–1.69) 0.518 1.12 (0.73–1.71) 0.601 1.06 (0.71–1.59) 0.756
 Less than Rs 20,000 monthly income (USD 133) 1.90 (0.93–3.88) 0.078 2.51 (1.08–5.82) 0.032* 1.29 (0.61–2.71) 0.500
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *Statistically significant association