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Table 5 Prevalence of and associations with ART non-adherence in the past 30 days

From: Non-adherence to anti-retroviral therapy among HIV infected adults in Mon State of Myanmar

Variable n % COR (95% CIs) P-value AOR (95% CIs) P-value
Gender
 Female 25 13.4 1 (Reference)    
 Male 23 20.4 1.66 (0.89-3.09) 0.112   
Age (years)
  < 35 16 20.3 1 (Reference)    
 36-45 20 14.7 0.68 (0.33-1.40) 0.295   
 46 and above 12 14.1 0.65 (0.29-1.47) 0.299   
Marital status
 Single 5 27.8 1 (Reference)    
 Married/cohabiting 28 17.2 0.54 (0.18-1.63) 0.275 ---  
 Separated/divorced/ widowed 15 12.6 0.38 (0.12-1.20) 0.099   
Education
 Primary and less 24 14.8 1 (Reference)    
 Secondary and above 24 17.4 1.21 (0.65-2.25) 0.544 ---  
Occupation
 Housewife/student/unemployed 8 10.7 1 (Reference)    
 Own business/officers 15 24.2 2.67 (1.05-6.81) 0.039 1.43 (0.54-3.82) 0.474
 Casual worker 25 15.3 1.52 (0.65-3.54) 0.335 1.34 (0.44-4.98) 0.789
Duration on ART
  > 3 years 26 20.3 1 (Reference)    
 1-3 years 18 12.2 0.55 (0.28-1.05) 0.071 ---  
  < 1 year 4 16.0 0.75 (0.24-2.37) 0.620   
Recent CD4 count
  ≥ 500-1000 23 16.2 1 (Reference)    
  < 500 25 15.8 0.97 (0.52-1.80) 0.930 ---  
HIV medication
 ART first line drugs 45 16.2 1 (Reference)    
 ART second line drugs 3 13.0 0.77 (0.22-2.71) 0.688 ---  
ART regimen
 TDF/ABC + 3TC + EFV 23 13.5 1 (Reference)    
 AZT/ABC + 3TC + NVP/LPV/r 25 19.4 1.55 (0.83-2.87) 0.167 ---  
Diagnosis of chronic disease
 No chronic disease 42 16.9 1 (Reference)    
 Has chronic disease 6 11.5 1.56 (0.63-3.90) 0.338 ---  
IMB adherence information
 Low 13 10.7 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
 Moderate 23 25.6 2.87 (1.37-6.06) 0.005 1.96 (0.67-5.74) 0.222
 High 12 13.6 1.32 (0.57-3.06) 0.511 0.58 (0.17-1.96) 0.380
IMB adherence motivation
 Low 7 13.0 1 (Reference)    
 Moderate 18 15.3 1.21 (0.47-3.09) 0.693 ---  
 High 23 18.0 1.47 (0.59-3.67) 0.408   
IMB adherence behavioural skills
 Low 24 21.6 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
 Moderate 13 14.3 0.60 (0.29-1.27) 0.183 0.37 (0.13-1.07) 0.066
 High 11 11.2 0.45 (0.21-0.99) 0.048 0.31 (0.10-0.94) 0.039
Past month alcohol use (base = no) 13 26.0 2.16 (1.04-4.46) 0.038 0.80 (0.25-2.55) 0.702
Smokes tobacco daily (base = no) 16 28.1 2.57 (1.29-5.12) 0.007 2.38 (0.85-6.65) 0.098
Smokeless tobacco use daily (base = no) 23 25.3 2.49 (1.32-4.68) 0.005 3.22 (1.28-8.12) 0.013
Non-disclosure of HIV status to others (base = yes) 3 5.1 0.23 (0.07-0.78) 0.018 0.07 (0.01-0.69) 0.022
Low social support (base = high) 32 16.5 1.11 (0.58-2.14) 0.752 ---  
Internalized stigma
 No stigmatization 8 11.9 1 (Reference)    
 Low stigmatization 26 19.7 1.80 (0.77-4.25) 0.174 ---  
 High stigmatization 14 13.9 1.19 (0.47-3.01) 0.718   
Partner who is not on ART 19 23.2 3.34 (1.58-7.07) 0.002 4.25 (1.70-10.64) 0.002
Moderate to severe depression symptoms (base = no) 4 17.4 1.12 (0.36-3.44) 0.850 ---  
Erectile dysfunction among male respondents (base = no) 15 25.9 6.00 (1.61-22.42) 0.008 15.14 (1.41-162.66) 0.025
  1. IMB Information, Motivation and Behavioural skills, COR Crude Odds Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odd Ratio, CIs = Confident Intervals