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Table 3 Wald test results, examining distinct differences across the outcome categories

From: What could keep young people away from alcohol and cigarettes? Findings from the UK Household Longitudinal Study

  F df p-values
Persistent use vs. Persistent non-use 10.14 8 <0.001
Persistent use vs. Ex-use 5.60 8 <0.001
Persistent use vs. Initiation 3.74 8 <0.001
Persistent non-use vs.
Ex-use
3.38 8 <0.001
Persistent non-use vs. Initiation 7.36 8 <0.001
Initiation vs. Ex-use 2.80 8 0.005