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Table 3 Association between being overweight and migrant condition (Model 1) and length of residence (Model 2)

From: Association between length of residence and overweight among adult immigrants in Portugal: A nationwide cross-sectional study

  Model 1 Model 2
Crude Adjusted Crude Adjusted
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Migrant condition
 Native 1 (reference) 1 (reference)   
 Immigrant 0.729 (0.724;0.733) 1.004 (0.998; 1.010) †   
Length of residence
  < 4 y.    Reference Reference
 5–9 y.    1.016 (0.996; 1.037) 0.785 (0.767; 0.803)
 10–14 y.    1.373 (1.342; 1.404) 0.995 (0.970; 1.022) †
  ≥ 15 y.    1.599 (1.575;1.624) 1.274 (1.250; 1.299)
Gender
 Men   1 (reference)   Reference
 Women   0.585 (0.583; 0.587)   0.321 (0.317; 0.325)
Age
 20–24 y.o.   1 (reference)   Reference
 25–34 y.o.   2.055 (2.041; 2.069)   4.303 (4.178; 4.331)
 35-44y.o.   2.662 (2.643; 2.681)   4.277 (4.145; 4.413)
 45–54 y.o.   4.099 (4.069; 4.130)   7.322 (7.082; 7.571)
 55–64 y.o.   4.449 (4.415; 4.484)   9.697 (9.334; 10.074)
  ≥ 65 y.o   3.116 (3.092; 3.140)   5.856 (5.623; 6.100)
Marital status
 Married   1 (reference)   Reference
 Not married   0.784 (0.781; 0.787)   0.756 (0.746; 0.766)
Education
 None or 1st cycle   1 (reference)   Reference
 2nd or 3rd   0.725 (0.722; 0.727)   0.502 (0.493; 0.512)
 High school   0.603 (0.600; 0.607)   0.456 (0.456; 0.465)
 Higher education   0.481 (0.478; 0.483)   0.399 (0.391; 0.408)
Job status
 Active   1 (reference)   Reference
 Unemployed   1.009 (1.002; 1.015)   0.495 (0.483; 0.507)
 Other*   1.013 (1.009; 1.017)   0.662 (0.647; 0.676)
 Current smoker   1.699 (1.693; 1.706)   1.271 (1.253; 1.289)
Region of origin
 Europe     Reference
 Africa     0.999 (0.983; 1.015) †
 America/Asia     0.918 (0.900; 0.936)
  1. *Pensioners, students, housewives, permanently incapacitated, unpaid internship, or other status; † p > 0.05